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Immigrant Inclusion & Racial Justice

March 11, 2015

By Manuel Pastor, Jared Sanchez, and Vanessa Carter

Please note: reports dated earlier than June 2020 were published under our previous names: the USC Program for Environmental and Regional Equity (PERE) or the USC Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration (CSII).

In this brief, the USC Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration takes a closer look at the significant economic and social impacts of DAPA on an estimated 5.5 million U.S. citizen children.

The brief presents national level data with a special focus on California, where 30% of the country’s DAPA-impacted children reside. CSII researchers estimate that full implementation of DAPA has the potential to boost family earnings in California by nearly $1.6 billion and bring nearly 40,000 children out of poverty.

Key Findings

In the U.S.:

  • There are approximately 3.7 million parents eligible for DAPA.
  • There are 6.3 million children of DAPA-eligible parents, and 86% (5.5 million) of those children are U.S. citizens.

In California:

  • 1.1 million parents qualify for DAPA, and nearly 93%1.6 million—of their minor children are U.S. citizens. (See the full chart in the brief for detailed state rankings for numbers of DAPA minor children)­­
  • The total earnings of California’s DAPA recipients could increase by an estimated $1.6 billion.


March 18, 2015

Read Manuel Pastor’s op-ed in the Sacramento Bee >>



Press Release

March 11, 2015

Contact: Gladys Malibiran, CSII Communications Specialist

Read the full press release >>

Read our other publications by research area

    Immigrant Integration & Racial Justice

    Our work on immigrant integration and racial justice brings together three emphases: scholarship that draws on academic theory and rigorous research, data that provides information structured to highlight the process of immigrant integration over time, and engagement that seeks to create new dialogues with government, community organizers, business and civic leaders, immigrants and the voting public to advance immigrant integration and racial equity.

    Economic Inclusion & Climate Equity

    In the area of economic inclusion, we at ERI advance academic theory and practical applications linking economic growth, environmental quality, and civic health with bridging of racial and other gaps; produce accessible and actionable data and analysis through the data tools; and establish research partnerships to deepen and advance the dialogue, planning, and actions around racial equity, environmental justice, and the built environment.

    Social Movements & Governing Power

    ERI’s work in the area of governing power includes: conducting cross-disciplinary studies of today’s social movements, supporting learning and strategizing efforts to advance dialogues among organizers, funders, intermediaries, evaluators, and academics, and developing research-based social change frameworks and tools to inform—and be informed by—real-world, real-time efforts towards a vision of deep change.

    Publications Directory

    In 2020, the USC Program for Environmental and Regional Equity (PERE) and the USC Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration (CSII) merged to form the USC Equity Research Institute (ERI).

    The full list of publications published under our previous and current names can be found in our publications directory.

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