Report cover featuring Black youth and youth of color in leadership events
Social Movements and Governing Power

November 2010

By Manuel Pastor, Rhonda Ortiz, Jennifer Ito, Veronica Terriquez, Vanessa Carter, Jennifer Tran, and Teresa Cheng

Please note: reports dated earlier than June 2020 were published under our previous names: the USC Program for Environmental and Regional Equity (PERE) or the USC Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration (CSII).

While the nation will become “majority-minority” shortly after 2042, it will be much sooner—2023—when the majority of youth will be people of color. Unfortunately, racial gaps in economic and academic outcomes persist—and preparing a better future for all of America requires addressing this challenge.

The Color of Change: Interethnic Youth Leadership for the 21st Century suggests that one approach to securing that better future involves seeing youth as the progenitors of change and not simply the recipients of services. We argue that equipping young people with the tools to change—and hold accountable—the institutional structures that can facilitate or impede their success is critical. And we suggest that the rapidly changing dynamics of America’s metropolitan areas mean that young leaders will need special skills at working across the usual boundaries of race, geography, and generation.

The Color of Change is based on a review of the literature, a wide range of interviews with actors in the field, and feedback from a convening that brought together forty organizers, experts, and foundation staff. Applying a social movement lens to youth development, we lift up best practices, identify five gaps in the current field, and offer ten recommendations for the future, including: taking risks on new leadership, healing generational divides in movement organizations, focusing on community colleges as arenas for strategic intervention, developing a compelling frame and story for the field, and moving towards an integrated service delivery and civic engagement model.

For America’s next generation, the future is now. The civic engagement and leadership development of youth can help move the needle on our nation’s poverty and insecurity even as it helps those same young people shore up their own resilience and realize their potential to have healthy, productive lives. We hope this report contributes to productive and challenging conversations about the investments needed to support such a brighter and more equitable future.

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    Immigrant Integration & Racial Justice

    Our work on immigrant integration and racial justice brings together three emphases: scholarship that draws on academic theory and rigorous research, data that provides information structured to highlight the process of immigrant integration over time, and engagement that seeks to create new dialogues with government, community organizers, business and civic leaders, immigrants and the voting public to advance immigrant integration and racial equity.

    Economic Inclusion & Climate Equity

    In the area of economic inclusion, we at ERI advance academic theory and practical applications linking economic growth, environmental quality, and civic health with bridging of racial and other gaps; produce accessible and actionable data and analysis through the data tools; and establish research partnerships to deepen and advance the dialogue, planning, and actions around racial equity, environmental justice, and the built environment.

    Social Movements & Governing Power

    ERI’s work in the area of governing power includes: conducting cross-disciplinary studies of today’s social movements, supporting learning and strategizing efforts to advance dialogues among organizers, funders, intermediaries, evaluators, and academics, and developing research-based social change frameworks and tools to inform—and be informed by—real-world, real-time efforts towards a vision of deep change.

    Publications Directory

    In 2020, the USC Program for Environmental and Regional Equity (PERE) and the USC Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration (CSII) merged to form the USC Equity Research Institute (ERI).

    The full list of publications published under our previous and current names can be found in our publications directory.

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