Francis Pan, Ph.D.


Ph.D. University of North Texas, Denton, Texas

Developmental Integrative Biology Research Cluster; Advisor: Dr. Warren W. Burggren

M.S. National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Institute of Fisheries Sciences; Advisor: Dr. Pung-Pung Hwang

B.S. National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan

Department of Zoology; Ecology emphasis/Honors thesis


Postdoctoral Training

University of Southern California

Marine Environmental Biology; Advisor: Dr. Donal T. Manahan

University of North Texas

Developmental Integrative Biology Research Cluster; Advisor: Dr. Ione Hunt von Herbing



  1. Pan, F., Applebaum, S.L., Frieder, C.A., Manahan, D.T. (2021) Differing thermal sensitivities of physiological processes alter ATP allocation. J. Exp. Biol. 221, jeb233379.
  2. Griffiths, J., Johnson, K., Sirovy, K., Yeats, M., Pan F., La Peyre J., Kelly M. (2021) Transgenerational plasticity and the capacity to adapt to low salinity in the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginicaProc. R. Soc. B 288, 20203118.
  3. Hedgecock, D., Pan F. (2021) Genetic divergence of selected and wild populations of Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) on the West Coast of North America. Aquaculture 530, 735737
  4. Griffiths, J., Pan, F., Kelly, M. (2019) Differential responses to ocean acidification between populations of Balanophyllia elegans corals from different upwelling environments. Mol. Ecol. 28, 2711-2954. Journal Cover Article
  5. Pan, F., Applebaum, S.L., Frieder, C.A., Manahan, D.T. (2018) Biochemical bases of growth variation during development: A study of protein turnover in pedigreed families of bivalve larvae (Crassostrea gigas). J. Exp. Biol. 221, jeb181867Editor’s Choice Article
  6. Frieder, C.A., Applebaum, S.L., Pan, T.C.F., Manahan, D.T. (2018) Shifting balance of protein synthesis and degradation sets a threshold for larval growth under environmental stress. Biol. Bull. 234, 45-57.
  7. Pan, F., Hunt von Herbing, I. (2017). Metabolic plasticity in development: Synergistic responses to high temperature and hypoxia in zebrafish, Danio rerioJ. Exp. Zool. A Ecol. Integr. Physiol. 327, 189-199.
  8. Frieder, C.A., Applebaum, S.L., Pan, F., Hedgecock, D., Manahan, D.T. (2017). Metabolic cost of calcification in bivalve larvae under experimental ocean acidification. ICES J. Mar. Sci 74, 941-954. Editor’s Choice Article with cover-photo image
  9. Pan, F., Applebaum, S.L., Lentz, B.A.*, Manahan, D.T. (2016). Predicting phenotypic variation in growth and metabolism of marine invertebrate larvae. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 483, 64-73*Undergraduate co-author
  10. Pan, F., Applebaum, S.L., Manahan, D.T. (2015). Experimental ocean acidification alters the allocation of metabolic energy. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 112, 4696-4701Research Highlight by Nature (2015) 520,134; Web of Science Highly Cited Paper
  11. Pan, F., Applebaum, S.L., Manahan, D.T. (2015). Genetically determined variation in developmental physiology of bivalve larvae (Crassostrea gigas). Physiol. Biochem. Zool. 88, 128-136.
  12. Hunt von Herbing, I., Pan, F., Méndez‐Sánchez, F., Garduño‐Paz, M., Hernández‐Gallegos, O., Ruiz‐Gómez, M.L., *Rodríguez‐Vargas, G. (2015). Chronic stress of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss at high altitude: a field study. J. Fish. Biol. 87, 138-158*Undergraduate co-author
  13. Applebaum, S.L., *Pan, F., Hedgecock, D., Manahan, D.T. (2014). Separating the nature and nurture of the allocation of energy in response to global change. Integr. Comp. Biol. 54, 284-295*All authors contributed equally
  14. Hunt von Herbing, I., Hernández‐Gallegos, O., Méndez‐Sánchez, F., Garduño‐Paz, M., Ruiz‐Gómez, M.L., Rodríguez‐Vargas, G., Pan, F. (2013). Environmental sustainability science in Mexico: a case study of rainbow trout culture and water quality at high altitude. Int J. Environ. Sustain. 8, 19-34.
  15. Pan, F., Burggren, W.W. (2013). Ontogeny of hypoxic modulation of cardiac performance and its allometry in the African clawed frog Xenopus laevis. J. Comp. Physiol. B, 183, 123-133.
  16. Pan, F., Burggren, W.W. (2010). Onset and early development of hypoxic ventilatory responses and branchial neuroepithelial cells in Xenopus laevis. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A Mol. Integr. Physiol. 157, 382-391.
  17. Burggren, W.W., Pan, F. (2009). Chemoreceptive control of ventilation in amphibians and air-breathing fishes. Airway Chemoreceptors in the Vertebrates – Structure, Evolution and Function. Science Publishers, Enfield, pp.151-183.
  18. Marshall, C.R., Pan, F., Le, H.D., Omelchenko, A., Hwang, P-P., Hryshko, L.V., Tibbits, G.F. (2005). cDNA cloning and expression of the cardiac Na+/Ca2+ exchanger from mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) reveal a teleost membrane transporter with mammalian temperature dependence. J. Biol. Chem. 280, 28903-28911.
  19. Pan, F., Liao, B.K., Huang, C.J., Lin, L.Y., Hwang, P.P. (2005). Epithelial Ca2+ channel expression and Ca2+ uptake in developing zebrafish. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 289, R1202-R1211.


Teaching Experience

2019-2021 Guest lecturer: Sustainable Aquaculture

2020 Guest lecturer: Marine Biology

2019 Guest lecturer: Biological Oceanography

2018 Guest lecturer: Environmental Science

2018 Teaching assistant: NSF Antarctic Biology Training Program

2015 Guest lecturer: Climate Change, Impacts, and Sustainability

2012 Guest lecturer: Biological Oceanographic Instrumentation

2011 Guest lecturer: Developmental Biology

2007-2009 Teaching assistant: Animal Physiology Laboratory

2005-2007 Teaching assistant: Human Anatomy & Physiology Laboratory