James Dolan

Professor of Earth Sciences

Contact Information
E-mail: dolan@usc.edu
Phone: (213) 740-8599
Office: ZHS 111

LINKS
Faculty Profile on Departmental Website
 

Education

  • B.S. Geology, University of California, Davis, 1/1981
  • Ph.D. Geology, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1/1988

  • Description of Research

    Summary Statement of Research Interests
    My research focuses on the behavior of active and ancient faults and their associated folds, with the ultimate goal of understanding the mechanics of plate-boundary deformation. My students and I work mainly at the critically important time scale of one to a few dozen earthquakes, with the goal of understanding the detailed interactions amongst the various tectonic elements that comprise plate boundaries. These studies are inherently multi-disciplinary, and we operate at the interface between structural geology, seismology, tectonic geomorphology, geodynamics, and seismic hazard assessment, and take full advantage of emerging technologies such as LiDAR airborne laser swath mapping and cosmogenic radionuclide dating. My specific interests include: spatial and temporal patterns of earthquake occurrence, collective behavior of regional fault systems, transient strain accumulation and release, structural geology of active and ancient faults, seismic hazard assessment, controls on earthquake nucleation, propagation, and arrest, discreteness of deformation in the lithosphere. Some of the techniques we use: Tectonic geomorphology, paleoseismologic trenching, analysis of LiDAR airborne laser swath mapping digital topographic data, cosmogenic dating, structural analysis of exhumed ancient fault-zone rocks, high-resolution seismic reflection imagery, paleoseismologic trenching, and good old-fashioned field mapping. Recent research projects include numerous analyses of slip rates and paleo-earthquake ages and displacements on a number of major continental faults designed to elucidate the pace and constancy (or lack thereof) of relative plate motions at the earthquake time scale, documentation of exhumed faults in the pursuit of constraints on the dynamic behavior and structural evolution of major faults, analysis of the evolution and hazard associated with blind thrust faults, the study of potential long-distance and long-term fault interactions, and possible triggering mechanisms of earthquake clusters on both single faults and regional fault networks, with a focus on the relationship between upper crustal faulting and fault loading associated with the inter-seismic behavior of the lower crust.

    Publications


    Book Chapter
    • Grindlay, N. R., Mann, P., Dolan, J. F., Van-Gestel, J. (2005). Neotectonics and subsidence of the northern Puerto Rico-Virgin Islands margin in response to oblique subduction of high-standing ridges: in Mann, P., ed., Active Tectonics and seismic hazards of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and offshore areas, Geological Society of America Special Paper 385. (Vol. 385). pp. 31-60. Active Tectonics ands seismic hazards of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and offshore areas/Geological Society of America.
    • Dolan, J. F., Wald, D. (1998). The 1943-1953 north-central Caribbean earthquake sequence: Active tectonic setting, seismic hazards, and implications for Caribbean-North America plate motions: GSA Special Paper 326 Active tectonics of the north-central Caribbean, (eds.) Dolan, J. F., and P. Mann. (Vol. 326). pp. 143-169. Geological Society of America.
    • Dolan, J. F., Mullins, H. T., Wald, D. (1998). Active tectonics of the north-central Caribbean: Oblique collision, strain partitioning, and opposing subducted slabs: GSA Special Paper 326 Active tectonics of the north-central Caribbean, (eds.) Dolan, J. F., and P. Mann. (Vol. 326). pp. 1-61. Geological Society of America.
    • Dolan, J. F., Mann, P., Monechi, S., de Zoeten, R., Heubeck, C., Shiroma, J. (1991). Sedimentologic, stratigraphic, and tectonic synthesis of Eocene-Miocene sedimentary basins, Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, in Mann, P, Draper, G., and Lewis, J., eds., Geologic and Tectonic Development of the North America-Caribbean Plate Boundary in Hispaniola. (Vol. Special Paper 262). pp. 217-264. Geological Society of America.
    • Dolan, J. F., Beck, C., Ogawa, Y., Klaus, A. (1990). Eocene-Oligocene sedimentation in the Tiburon Rise/ODP Leg 110 area: An example of significant upslope flow of distal turbidity currents: in Mascle, A., and Moore, J. C., eds., Scientific Results of the Ocean Drilling Program, v. 110B. (Vol. 110B). pp. 47-83. Scientific Results of the Ocean Drilling Program.
    • Beck, C., Ogawa, Y., Dolan, J. F. (1990). Eocene paleogeography of the southeastern Caribbean: Relations between sedimentation on the Atlantic abyssal plain at Site 672 and evolution of the South American margin, in Moore, J. C., and Mascle, A., eds., Scientific Results of the Ocean Drilling Program, v. 110B. (Vol. 110B). pp. 7-15. Scientific Results of the Ocean Drilling Program.
    • Dolan, J. F. (1987). The relationship between the R2 seismic reflector and a zone of abundant detrital and authigenic smectite, DSDP 610, Rockall Plateau region, north Atlantic: in Kidd, R., and Ruddiman, W., eds., Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, v. 94: Washington, D. C. (U. S. Government Printing Office). (Vol. 94). pp. 1109-1115. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP Leg 94).

    Journal Article
    • Madden Madugo, C., Dolan, J. F., Hartleb, R. D. (2012). 2012, New paleoearthquake ages from the western Garlock fault: Implications for regional earthquake occurrence in southern California. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Vol. 102, pp. 2282-2299.
    • Ganev, P. H., Dolan, J. F., McGill, S. F., Frankel, K. L. (2012). 2012, Constancy of geologic slip rate along the central Garlock fault: Implications for strain accumulation and release in southern California. Geophysical Journal International.
    • Roder, B., Lawson, M., Rhodes, E. J., Dolan, J. F., McAuliffe, L., McGill, S. (2012). 21012, Assessing the potential of luminescence dating for slip rate studies on the Garlock fault, Mojave Desert, California, USA. Quaternary Geochronology. Vol. 10, pp. 285-290.
    • Frankel, K. L., Dolan, J. F., Owen, L. A., Ganev, P., Finkel, R. C. (2011). 2011, Spatial and temporal constancy of seismic strain release along an evolving segment of the Pacific-North America plate boundary. Earth & Planetary Science Letters. Vol. 304, pp. 565-576.
    • Kozaci, Ö., Dolan, J. F., Yönlü, Ö., Hartleb, R. D. (2011). 2011, Paleoseismologic evidence for the relatively regular recurrence of infrequent, large-magnitude earthquakes on the eastern North Anatolian fault at Yaylabeli, doi: 10.1130/L118.1. Lithosphere.
    • Owen, L. A., Frankel, K. L., Knott, J. R., Reynhout, S., Finkel, R. C., Dolan, J. F., Lee, J. (2011). 2011, Beryllium-10 terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide surface exposure dating of Quaternary landforms in Death Valley. Geomorphology. Vol. 125, pp. 541-557; doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2010.10.024.
    • Frost, E., Dolan, J. F., Ratschbacher, L., Hacker, B., Seward, G. (2011). 2011, Direct observation of fault zone structure at the brittle-ductile transition along the Salzach-Ennstal-Mariazell-Puchberg fault system, Austrian Alps. Journal of Geophyscial Research. Vol. 116, pp. B02411; doi: 10.1029/2010JB007719.
    • Pratt, T. L., Dolan, J. F. (2010). 2010, Comment on "Near-surface location, geometry, and velocities of the Santa Monica fault zone, Los Angeles, California". Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Vol. 100 (5a), pp. 23292337; doi: 10.1785/0120090142.
    • Ganev, P. N., Dolan, J. F., Blisniuk, K., Oskin, M., Owen, L. A. (2010). 2010, Paleoseismologic evidence for multiple Holocene earthquakes on the Calico fault: Implications for earthquake clustering in the Eastern California Shear Zone. Lithosphere. Vol. 2 (4), pp. 287-298, doi: 10.1130/L82.1; Data Repository 20102.
    • Ganev, P. N., Dolan, J. F., Frankel, K. L., Finkel, R. C. (2010). 2010, Rates of extension along the Fish Lake Valley fault and transtensional deformation in the Eastern California shear zone–Walker Lane belt. Lithosphere. Vol. 2, pp. 33-49; doi: 10.1130/L51.1; Data Repository 2009285.
    • Leon, L. A., Dolan, J. F., Shaw, J. H., Pratt, T. L. (2009). 2009, Evidence for large-magnitude Holocene earthquakes on the Compton blind thrust fault, Los Angeles, California. Journal of Geophyscial Research. pp. doi:10.1029/2008JB006129.
    • Frost, E., Dolan, J. F., Sammis, C. G., Ratschbacher, L., Hacker, B. R., Cole, J. (2009). 2009, Progressive strain localization in a major strike-slip fault exhumed from mid-seismogenic depths: Structural observations from the Salzach-Ennstal-Mariazell-Puchberg fault system, Austria. Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol. 114 (B04406), pp. doi:10.1029/2008JB005763.
    • Elliott, A. J., Dolan, J. F., Oglesby, D. D. (2009). 2009, Evidence from coseismic slip gradients for dynamic control on rupture propagation and arrest through stopovers: Jour. Geophys. Res. – Solid Earth. Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol. 114 (B02313), pp. doi:10.1029/2008JB005969.
    • Kozaci, Ö., Dolan, J. F., Finkel, R. C. (2009). 2009, Late Holocene Slip Rate for the central North Anatolian Fault, from Tahtakorpru, Turkey, from Cosmogenic 10Be Geochronology: Implications for the Constancy of Fault Loading and Strain Release Rates. Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol. 114, pp. doi:10.1029/2008JB005760.
    • Plesch, A., Shaw, J. H., Benson, C., Bryant, W. A., Carena, S., Cooke, M., Dolan, J. F., 21 others, a. (2007). Community Fault Model (CFM) for Southern California. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Vol. 97, pp. 1793-1802, doi: 10.1785/0122.
    • Cole, J., Hacker, B. R., Ratschbacher, L., Dolan, J. F., Seward, G., Frost, E., Frank, W. (2007). Localized ductile shear below the seismogenic zone: Structural analysis of an exhumed strike-slip fault, Austrian Alps. Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol. 112, pp. doi:10.1029/2007JB004975.
    • Kozaci, O., Dolan, J. F., Finkel, R. C., Hartleb, R. D. (2007). A 2000-year slip rate for the North Anatolian fault, Turkey, from cosmogenic 36Cl geochronology: Implications for the constancy of fault loading and slip rates. Geology. Vol. 35, pp. 867-870; doi:10.1130/G23187A.1.
    • Leon, L. A., Christofferson, S. A., Dolan, J. F., Shaw, J. H., Pratt, T. L. (2007). Earthquake-by-earthquake fold growth above the Puente Hills blind thrust fault, Los Angeles, California: Implications for fold kinematics and seismic hazard. Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol. 112 (B03S03), pp. doi:10.1029/2006JB004461.
    • Dolan, J. F., Bowman, D. D., Sammis, C. G. (2007). Long-range and long-term fault interactions in southern California. Geology. Vol. 35, pp. 855-858.
    • Frankel, K. L., Dolan, J. F., Finkel, R. C., Owen, L. A., Hoeft, J. S. (2007). Spatial variations in slip rate along the Death Valley-Fish Lake Valley fault system determined from LiDAR topographic data and cosmogenic 10Be geochronology. Geophysical Research Letters. Vol. 34 (L18303), pp. doi:10.1029/2007GL030549.
    • Frankel, K. L., Dolan, J. F. (2007). Characterizing arid-region alluvial fans with airborne laser swath mapping digital topographic data. Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface. pp. doi:10.1029/2006JF000644.
    • Dolan, J. F., Avouac, J. (2007). Introduction to special section: Active Fault-Related Folding: Structural Evolution, Geomorphologic Expression, Paleoseismology, and Seismic Hazards. Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol. 112, pp. doi:10.1029/2007JB004952.
    • Frankel, K. L., Brantley, K., Dolan, J. F., Finkel, R. C., others, s. (2007). Cosmogenic 10Be and 36Cl geochronology of offset alluvial fans along the northern Death Valley fault zone: Implications for transient strain in the eastern California shear zone. Journal of Geophysical Research. pp. doi:10.1029/2006JB004350.
    • Hartleb, R. D., Dolan, J. F., Kozaci, O., Akyuz, S., Seitz, G. (2006). A 2,500-year-long paleoseismologic record of large, infrequent earthquakes on the North Anatolian fault at Cukurcimen, Turkey. Bulletin of Geological Society of America. Vol. 118, pp. 823-840.
    • Dolan, J. F., Bowman, D. D. (2004). Tectonic and seismologic setting of the September 22, 2003 Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic, earthquake: Implications for earthquake hazard in northern Hispaniola. Seismological Research Letters. Vol. 75, pp. 587-597.
    • Hartleb, R. D., Dolan, J. F., Akyuz, S., Yerli, B. (2003). A 2,000 year record of earthquake occurrence along the central North Anatolian fault, from trenches at Alayurt, Turkey. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Vol. 93 (5), pp. 1935-1954.
    • Dolan, J. F., Christofferson, S. A., Shaw, J. H. (2003). Recognition of paleoearthquakes on the Puente Hills blind thrust fault, Los Angeles, California. Science. Vol. 300, pp. 115-118.
    • Shaw, J. H., Plesch, A., Dolan, J. F., Pratt, T. L., Fiore, P. (2002). Puente Hills blind-thrust system, Los Angeles basin, California. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Vol. 92, pp. 2946-2960.
    • Dolan, J. F. (2002). Shallow folding imaged above the Puente Hills blind-thrust fault, Los Angeles, California. Geophysical Research Letters. Vol. 29, pp. 18-1 to 18-4, doi: 10.1029/2001GL014313.
    • Hartleb, R. D., Dolan, J. F., Akyuz, S., Dawson, T., Tucker, A. Z., Yerli, B., Rockwell, T. K., Toraman, E., Cakir, Z., Dikbas, A., Altunel, E. (2002). Surface rupture and slip distribution along the Karadere segment of the 17-August-1999 Izmit, Turkey, earthquake. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Vol. 92, pp. 67-78.
    • Harris, R. A., Dolan, J. F., Hartleb, R. D., Day, S. M. (2002). The 1999 Izmit, Turkey earthquake -- A test of the dynamic stress transfer model for intra-earthquake triggering. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Vol. 92, pp. 245-255.
    • Barka, A., Akyüz, H. S., Altunel, E., Sunal, G., Cakir, Z., Dikbas, A., Yerli, B., Armijo, R., Meyer, B., de Chabalier, J., Rockwell, T., Dolan, J., Hartleb, R., Dawson, T., Christofferson, S., Tucker, A., Fumal, T., Langridge, R., Stenner, H., Lettis, W., Bachhuber, J., Page, W. (2002). Surface rupture and slip distribution of the 17 August 1999 Izmit earthquake (Mw 7.4), North Anatolian fault. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Vol. 92, pp. 43-60.
    • Dolan, J. F., Rockwell, T. K. (2001). Paleoseismologic evidence for a very large (Mw>7), recent surface rupture on the eastern San Cayetano fault, Ventura County, California: Was this the source of the damaging December 21, 1812 earthquake?. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Vol. 91, pp. 1417-1432.
    • Tucker, A. Z., Dolan, J. F. (2001). Paleoseismologic evidence for a >8 ka age for the most recent surface rupture on the eastern Sierra Madre fault, northern Los Angeles metropolitan region. Bulletin of Seismological Society of America. Vol. 91, pp. 232-249.
    • Borrero, J., Dolan, J. F., Synolakis, C. (2001). Tsunamis within the eastern Santa Barbara Channel. Geophysical Research Letters. Vol. 28, pp. 643-646.
    • Weaver, K. D., Dolan, J. F. (2000). Paleoseismology and seismic hazards of the Raymond fault, Los Angeles County, California. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Vol. 90, pp. 1409-1428.
    • Dolan, J. F., Sieh, K. E., Rockwell, T. K. (2000). Late Quaternary activity and seismic potential of the Santa Monica fault system, Los Angeles, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin. Vol. 112, pp. 1559-1581.
    • Dolan, J. F., Stevens, D., Rockwell, T. K. (2000). Paleoseismologic evidence for an early to mid-Holocene age of the most recent surface rupture on the Hollywood fault, Los Angeles, California. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Vol. 90, pp. 334-344.
    • van Gestel, J., Mann, P., Grindlay, N., Dolan, J. F. (1999). Three-phase tectonic evolution of the northern margin of Puerto Rico as inferred from an integration of seismic reflection, well, and outcrop data. Marine Geology. Vol. 161, pp. 257-286.
    • Field, E., Jackson, D., Dolan, J. F. (1999). A new look at earthquake occurrence in southern California: No deficit or huge earthquakes required. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Vol. 89, pp. 559-578.
    • Mann, P., Grindlay, N. R., Dolan, J. F. (1999). Subduction to strike-slip transitions on plate boundaries. GSA Today. Vol. 9, pp. 14-16.
    • Pratt, T. L., Dolan, J. F., Odum, J. K., Stephenson, W. J., Williams, R. A., Templeton, M. E. (1998). Multi-scale seismic imaging of active fault zones for seismic hazard assessment: A case study of the Santa Monica fault zone, Los Angeles, California. Geophysics. Vol. 63, pp. 479-489.
    • van Gestel, J., Mann, P., Dolan, J. F., Grindlay, N. R. (1998). Structure and tectonics of the upper Cenozoic Puerto Rico-Virgin Islands carbonate platform as determined from seismic reflection studies. Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol. 103, pp. 30,505-30,530.
    • Walls, C., Rockwell, T., Mueller, K., Bock, Y., Williams, S., Pfanner, J., Dolan, J. F., Fang, P. (1998). Escape tectonics in the Los Angeles metropolitan region and implications for seismic risk. Nature. Vol. 394, pp. 356-360.
    • Dolan, J. F., Sieh, K. E., Rockwell, T. K., Guptill, P., Miller, G. (1997). Active tectonics, paleoseismology, and seismic hazards of the Hollywood fault, northern Los Angeles basin, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin. Vol. 109, pp. 1595-1616.
    • Dolan, J. F., Pratt, T. L. (1997). High-resolution seismic reflection imaging of the Santa Monica fault zone, west Los Angeles, California. Geophysical Research Letters. Vol. 24, pp. 2051-2054.
    • Dolan, J. F., Wald, D. (1997). Comment on "The 1946 Hispaniola earthquakes and the tectonics of the North America-Caribbean plate boundary zone, northeastern Hispaniola". Journal of Geophysical Research. Vol. 102, pp. 785-792.
    • Grindlay, N. R., Mann, P., Dolan, J. F. (1997). Researchers investigate submarine faults north of Puerto Rico. EOS (Transactions of the American Geophysical Union). Vol. 78, pp. 404-405.
    • Dolan, J. F., Sieh, K. E., Rockwell, T. K., Yeats, R. S., Shaw, J. H., Suppe, J., Huftile, G., Gath, E. (1995). Prospects for larger or more frequent earthquakes in greater metropolitan Los Angeles, California: Science, v. 267, p. 199-205. Science. Vol. 267, pp. 199-205.
    • Hummon, C., Schneider, C., Yeats, R. S., Dolan, J. F., Sieh, K. E., Huftile, G. (1994). The Wilshire fault: Earthquakes in Hollywood?. Geology. Vol. 22, pp. 291-294.
    • Mullins, H. T., Breen, N. A., Dolan, J. F., others, s. (1991). Carbonate platforms along the southeast Bahamas-Hispaniola collision zone. Marine Geology. Vol. 105, pp. 169-209.
    • Heubeck, C., Mann, P., Dolan, J. F., Monechi, S. (1991). Diachronous uplift and recycling of sedimentary basins during Cenozoic tectonic transpression, northeastern Caribbean plate margin. Sedimentary Geology. Vol. 70, pp. 1-32.
    • Mullins, H. T., Dolan, J. F., others, s. (1991). Retreat of carbonate platforms: Response to tectonic processes. Geology. Vol. 19, pp. 1089-1092.
    • Witschard, M., Dolan, J. F. (1990). Contrasting structural styles in siliciclastic and carbonate rocks of an offscraped sequence: The Peralta accretionary prism, Hispaniola. Geological Society of America Bulletin. Vol. 102, pp. 792-806.
    • Dolan, J. F., Beck, C., Ogawa, Y. (1989). Upslope deposition of extremely distal turbidites: An example from the Tiburon Rise, west-central Atlantic. Geology. Vol. 17, pp. 990-994.
    • Dolan, J. F. (1989). Eustatic and tectonic controls on deposition of hybrid siliciclastic/carbonate basinal sequences: A discussion with examples. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin. Vol. 73, pp. 1233-1246.
    • Beck, C., Dolan, J. F., Ogawa, Y., Vrolijk, P. (1989). Deep Cenozoic sediments in front of the Barbados Ridge Complex, ODP Site 672: Hemipelagites, turbidites, and possible contourites in the western central Atlantic Ocean. l’Institut Francais du Petrole. Vol. 44, pp. 551-566.
    • Moore, J., Mascle, A., Taylor, E., Andreieff, P., Alvarez, F., Barnes, R., Beck, C., Behrmann, J., Blanc, G., Clark, M., Brown, K., Dolan, J., Fisher, A., Gieskes, J., Hounslow, M., McLellan, P., Moran, K., Ogawa, Y., Sakai, T., Schoonmaker, J., Vrolijk, P., Wilkens, R., Williams, C. (1988). Tectonics and hydrogeology of the northern Barbados Ridge: results from Ocean Drilling Program Leg 110. Geological Society of America Bulletin. Vol. 100, pp. 1578-1593.
    • Mascle, A., Moore, J. C., nine others, a., Dolan, J. F., others, e. (1987). Expulsion of fluids from depth along a subduction-zone decollement horizon. Nature. Vol. 326, pp. 785-788.
    • Kidd, R., Ruddiman, W., Dolan, J. F., others, e. (1983). Sediment drifts and intra-plate tectonics in the north Atlantic. Nature. Vol. 306, pp. 532-533.

    Other
    • Frankel, K. L., incl. James F. Dolan, a. (2008). Frankel, K.L., Glazner, A.F., Kirby, E., Monastero, F.C., Strane, M.D., Oskin, M.E., Unruh, J.R., Walker, J.D., Anandakrishnan, S., Bartley, J.S., Coleman, D.S., Dolan, J.F., Finkel, R.C., Greene, D., Kylander-Clark, A., Morrero, S., Owen, L.A., and Phillips, F., 2008, Active tectonics of the eastern California shear zone: in Dubendorfer, E. and Smith, G., eds., Geologic excursions in the southern North America Cordillera: Geological Society of America Field Guide 11, p. 43-81, doi: 10.1030/2008. Geological Society of America Bulletin Field Guide 11.
    • Dolan, J. F. (2006). Greatness thrust upon them. Nature (News & Views).
    • Dolan, J. F., Sieh, K. E. (1992). Tectonic geomorphology of the northern Los Angeles basin: Seismic hazards and kinematics of young fault movement: in Ehlig, P. L., and Steiner, E. A., eds., Engineering Geology Field Trips: Orange County, Santa Monica Mountains, and Malibu, Guidebook and Volume. Association of Engineering Geologists.

    Proceedings
    • Dolan, J. F., Beck, C., Ogawa, Y., Clark, M., Moore, C., Mascle, A., Taylor, E. (1987). Anomalously coarse-grained siliciclastic sediments on the Tiburon Rise, western Atlantic: Proceedings of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Convention, New Orleans, LA. pp. 144-148. Proceedings of the Society of Exploration Geophysicists 1987 Annual Convention, New Orleans, LA.





  • Zumberge Hall of Science (ZHS)
  • Los Angeles, CA 90089-0740
  • Phone: (213) 740-6106
  • Email: earthsci@usc.edu