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Mark Marino

Associate Professor (Teaching) of Writing

Contact Information
Phone: (213) 740-1980
Office: JEF 150

Curriculum Vitae
Personal Website
Personal Research Site
Humanities and Critical Code Studies Lab
a show of hands
Critical Code Studies
View Faculty Video

Biographical Sketch

Mark C. Marino is a writer and scholar of digital literature living in Los Angeles.  He is the  Director of Communication of the Electronic Literature Organization (  His works include “Living Will,” “a show of hands,” and “Marginalia in the Library of Babel.” He was one of ten co-authors of 10 PRINT CHR$(205.5+RND(1)); : GOTO 10 ( and is a collaborator with Jessica Pressman and Jeremy Douglass on the forthcoming Reading Project: A Collaborative Analysis of William Poundstone's Project for Tachistoscope {Bottomless Pit}.  He is currently working with his two children on a series of interactive children's stories entitled Mrs. Wobbles and the Tangerine House.  He is an Associate Professor (Teaching) at the University of Southern California where he directs the Humanities and Critical Code Studies  (HaCCS) Lab (  His complete portfolio is here:


Ph.D. English: Electronic Literature, UC Riverside, 6/2006
M.A. English and American Literature, Loyola Marymount University, 5/2001
M.F.A. Creative Writing, University of Notre Dame, 5/1996

Academic Appointment, Affiliation, and Employment History

Consultant, Walt Disney Imagineering, 05/15/2010-10/15/2010  

Description of Research

Summary Statement of Research Interests

Research interests include: conversational agents (chatbots), new media, emerging writing forms instructional technology, game studies, social networking, and writing practices. Also, Critical Code Studies.

Research Keywords

new media, game studies, electronic literature, composition, conversational agents, hypertext, code, mobile narratives, software studies, critical code studies, technoculture, social media, Web 2.0, educational technology

Research Specialties

Electronic Literature, New Media, Computers and Composition, Digital Narrative, Conversational Agents, Game Studies, Critical Code Studies, Software Studies

Funded Research

USC Funding

2010-11 Teaching with Technology Grants: Course Continuity in a Crisis [C3]. Mapping Voices of the Crisis: Students collect Oral Histories on experiences of crises in Los Angeles. This project is part of a "plan b" assignment to be deployed in the event of a natural or political disaster, $7,500, 2010-2011   

Affiliations with Research Centers, Labs, and Other Institutions

Humanities and Critical Code Studies Lab, Director,

Conferences and Other Presentations

Conference Presentations

"Andrews' Open Canvas: A Criticl Code Studies Reading of Aleph Null", ELO: Electrifying Literature, Talk/Oral Presentation, Refereed Abstract, Morgantown, WV, ELO, WVU, 06/20/2012-06/23/2012  
"Crowdsourcing Community Service", Education in Action, Talk/Oral Presentation, Paper, San Diego, CA, UC San Diego, 01/06/2012  
""The Code of Hacktavism: A Critical Code Study Case Study", MLA, Talk/Oral Presentation, Refereed Abstract, Los Angeles, Modern Language Association, 01/06/2011-01/09/2011  
"Leveraging New Media in a Writing Program: Tools and Techniques for Teaching and Learning ", New Media Consortium Summer Conference, Roundtable/Panel, Refereed Los Angeles, NMC, 06/08/2010-06/10/2010  
"Re-Tooling Learning: Student Empowerment through Databases, Information Visualizations, and Nested Media", New Media Consortium Summer Conference, Roundtable/Panel, Refereed Los Angeles, California, 06/08/2010-06/10/2010  
"Intersecting Approaches to Electronic Literature: Close-Reading Code, Content, and Cartographies in "William Poundstone’s "Project for the Tachistoscope: [Bottomless Pit]"", Electronic Literature Organization: Archive and Innovate, Talk/Oral Presentation, Refereed Brown University, Electronic Literature Organization, 06/03/2010-06/06/2010  
"E-Portfolio Options: Analyses and Observation", Conference on College Composition and Communication , Talk/Oral Presentation, Refereed Louisville, KY, CCCC, 03/17/2010-03/20/2010  
"Disrupting heteronormative codes: When cylons in slash goggles ogle Anna Kournikova", DAC 09, Talk/Oral Presentation, Refereed Paper, UC Irvine, CA, DAC, 12/12/2009-12/15/2009  
"Critical Code Studies of Queer Technology", SLSA 2009, Talk/Oral Presentation, Refereed Atlanta, GA, SLSA, 11/05/2009-11/08/2009  
" Must Universities Twitter? What our students know about tech.", PACRAO, Keynote Lecture, Newport, CA, PACRAO, Invited, 11/01/2009-11/02/2009  
"Critical Code Studies: Tracking Terrorist and Databases", Digital Humanities 2009, Talk/Oral Presentation, Refereed University of Maryland, MITH, 2008-2009   
"LA Flood Project", HASTAC II: Techno Travels/TeleMobil HASTAC in Motion, Poster, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, HASTAC, 2008-2009   
"Marginalia in the Library of Babel", &Now Festival of Innovative Writing and Art, Reading, Refereed Chapman U, CA, &Now, 2008-2009   
"Original Chat: Exploring the Origins of the Turing Test", ELO: Visionary Landscapes, Talk/Oral Presentation, Refereed Washington State University-Vancouver, Electronic Literature Organization, 2008-2009   
"The Slicing and Dicing (and Splicing) of Sharable Educational Content", Educause Live!, Lecture/Seminar, online webinar, Educause, Invited, Spring 2009   
"Web 2.0 and the Future of Learning Management Systems", Center For Scholarly Technology Faculty Forum, Talk/Oral Presentation, USC, CST, Invited, Fall 2008   
"Beta Writer: Portrait of the Author as an Early Adopter", Modern Language Association Conference, Poster, Refereed Chicago, IL, Modern Language Association Conference, 2007-2008   
"Critical Code Studies", Softwhere Studies, Talk/Oral Presentation, UC San Diego, Software Studies Group, UCSD, Invited, 2007-2008   
"Examining the Information Systems of the Electronic Literature Collection", ELO: Visionary Landscapes, Talk/Oral Presentation, Refereed Washington State U. -- Vancouver, Electronic Literature Organization, 2007-2008   
"Marginalia Ficcional de la Biblioteca de Babel", VI Jornadas de Investigacion Literaria y Linguistica, online talk, Refereed Maracaibo, Venzuela, Universidad del Zulia, 2007-2008   
"Literatronica: adaptive digital narrative", Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia, Talk/Oral Presentation, Refereed Abstract, Pittsburgh, PA, ACM, 06/19/2008-06/21/2008  
"Procedural Rhetoric: Code as Argument", SLSA 2007: code, Talk/Oral Presentation, Portland, Maine, Society for Science, Literature, and the Arts, 11/02/2007  
"International Electronic Literature", The Future of the Electronic Literature, Talk/Oral Presentation, MITH, UM, Electronic Literature Organization/MITH, Invited, 05/02/2007  
"Racial Transformations in Keepers of the House.", Symposium on Shirley Ann Grau, Talk/Oral Presentation, LSU, Dept. of English, LSU, Invited, 11/20/2006  

Other Presentations

"Project for Tachistoscope", Writing becomes Eclectric: a symposium on electronic literature, UCSD, CALIT2, San Diego, 01/27/2011  



Douglass, J., Marino, M. C., Pressman, J. (2011). Close Reading Electronic Literature: A Case Study of of William Poundstone’s "Project for the Tachistoscope: [Bottomless Pit]". U of Iowa Press.

Book Chapter

Marino, M. C. (2006). 12 Easy Lessons to Better Time Travel. (Vol. NA). Second Person/MIT Press.

Journal Article

Marino, M. C. (2012). "Of Sex, Cylons, and Worms: A Critical Code Study of Heteronormativity. Leonardo Electronic Almanac. Vol. 17 (1) Online
Marino, M. C., Feinstein, M. (2011). Critical Code Studies Conference - Week Two Introduction. electronic book review. Read the Article
Marino, M. C. (2010). The ppg256 Perl Primer: The Poetry of Techneculture. Emerging Language Practices. (1) Read the Article
Marino, M. C. (2010). Critical Code Studies and the electronic book review: An Introduction. electronic book review. Read the Article
Marino, M. C. (2008). Review: The Electronic Literature Collection Volume I: A New Media Primer. Digital Humanities Quarterly. Vol. 2 (1)
Marino, M. C. (2007). Re: Ulysses in Hypertext: Towards a hypermedia parallax engine. James Joyce Quarterly/University of Tulsa. Vol. NA
Marino, M. C. (2007). Critical Code Studies. electronic book review/Joseph Tabbi. Vol. NA
Marino, M. C. (2006). Communities of Chatbots: a Survey of the makers and users of conversation agents. New Media and Society/Sage. Vol. NA
Marino, M. C. (2005). Multimedia Hurston. Explorations/Flora Levy Humanities Series. Vol. NA
Marino, M. C. (1997). Equivocado. Arkansas Review/Arkansas State University. Vol. NA


Marino, M. C. (2009). Disrupting Heteronormative Codes: When Cylons in Slash Goggles Ogle AnnaKournikova. In UC Irvine: Digital Arts and Culture 2009 (Ed.), Retrieved. pp. 9. Irvine, CA. University of California.

Short Story

Marino, M. C. (2007). Marginalia in the Library of Babel. (Marino, Mark Christopher, Ed.). Virginia. New River Journal. Link to the Story
Marino, M. C. (2007). a little show of hands. (Helen J Burgess, Ed.). hyperrhiz: New Media Cultures.

Multimedia Scholarship and Creative Works

A Show of Hands, Included in the Electronic Literature Collection volume 2, 2011-2012   
The Ballad of Workstudy Seth, Published in SpringGun Press the Twitter transcript of an electronic literary work following a college student indentured to social media. Featured in the Chronicle of Higher Education:, Fall 2011   
The LA Flood Project, The LA Flood Project, a locative narrative and netprov., 01/01/2008-  
"The Los Wikiless Timespedia" Wiki, a wiki-based satire of the end of newspapers., 2007-2008   
A Show of Hands, an adaptive hypertext novela written using the Literatronica system, 2007-2008   
"22 Short Films about Grammar" Machinima, Series of instructional videos produced using Activision's "The Movies", 2006-2007   
Web 2.0 Application Generator, A Flash-based generator, satirizing the Web 2.0 application hyper-proliferation., Spring 2007   

Guest Lectures in Courses

EDUC 640: The Research University in the 21st Century Spoke about innovative uses of technology for use in higher ed., 11/19/2011  
LTWR 103: Digital Poetics Taught a lesson in electronic literature and locative narrative., Spring 2011   
EDUC 640: Academic Work and the Engaged Intellectual: The Research University in the 21st Century Presentation on cutting-edge use of academic technology., 11/19/2009  
ASIMS: ASIMS: Methods in Community-Based Multimedia Presented Internet research tools., 2007-2008   
EDUC 640: Academic Work and the Engaged Intellectual: The Research University in the 21st Century Presentation on academic research technology, 2007-2008   

Teaching Innovations and Multimedia Teaching

SOS College (, 2009-2010   
USC Writing Widgets (with students), 2008-2009   
The USC Topoi Widgets, 2007-2008   

Honors and Awards

American Council of Learned Societies Fellowship Recipient, Transmedial Collaboration: Literary Criticism as Digital Humanities Scholarship, Fall 2013   
2nd Place Nuestras Voces Playwrights Competition Repetorio Espanol, 2011-2012   
Regional Finalist in the David Mark Cohen playwrights award , 2011-2012   
USC Stephen B. Sample Teaching and Mentoring Award Nominee, 2011-2012   
USC Stephen B. Sample Teaching and Mentoring Award Nominee, 2010-2011   
Fulbright Award, Fulbright Specialist at University of Bergen, Norway, Spring 2011   
Nominated for Teaching and Mentoring Award, 2009-2010   

Service to the Profession


Member, Writing Program Curriculum and Pedagogy Committee, 2012-2013   
Member, Writing Program Professional Development Committee, 2011-2012   
Member, Video@USC Task Force, Spring 2012   

Conferences Organized

Organizer, Critical Code Studies Working Group 2012, online, The Critical Code Studies Working Group was an intensive 3 week online conference, anchored by weekly presentations by top scholars in this emerging field. Produced interpretive readings of computer source code and an extensive bibliography. Threads are being published in electronic book review. , 01/30/2012-02/20/2012  
Organizer, Critical Code Studies @ USC, USC, An intensive one-day conference bringing together an international group of scholars to present critical interpretations of computer source code, following up on the Critical Code Studies Working Group., 07/23/2010  
Organizer/Moderator, Critical Code Studies Working Group, Online, The Critical Code Studies Working Group was an intensive 6 week online conference, anchored by weekly presentations by top scholars in this emerging field. Produced interpretive readings of computer source code and an extensive bibliography. Threads are being published in electronic book review. , 02/01/2010-03/14/2010  
Organizer, Digital Arts and Culture; Literary Arts Extravaganze, UC Irvine, Genres include: live video sculpture, locative media narratives, networked fiction, Flash poetry, and works that words only cannot yet describe! Gallery:, 12/14/2009  

Editorships and Editorial Boards

Editor, Bunk Magazine, 08/1998-05/2010  

Professional Offices

Communication Director, Board of Directors, Electronic Literature Organization, 09/2007-09/2013  

Professional Memberships

CLACSO (El Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales), 2006-  
Modern Language Association, 2006-  
Electronic Literature Organization, 2005-  
Association of Internet Researchers, 2005-2010  
International Communication Association, 2006-2008  
National Communication Association, 2006-2008  
Society for Cinema and Media Studies, 2006-2008  

Reviewer for Publication

International Journal of Learning and Media, The International Journal of Learning and Media (IJLM) provides a forum for scholars, researchers, and practitioners to examine the changing relationships between learning and media across a wide range of forms and settings. Our focus is particularly, but by no means exclusively, on young people, and we understand learning in broad terms to include informal and everyday contexts as well as institutions such as schools. We are especially interested in the broader social and cultural dimensions of these issues and in new and emerging media technologies, forms, and practices. We are particularly keen to promote international and intercultural exchange and dialogue in the field and encourage contributions from a variety of academic disciplines and perspectives, including papers from practitioners and policy-makers., 2010-2011   
International Journal of Human Computer Studies, "The International Journal of Human-Computer Studies publishes original research over the whole spectrum of work relevant to the theory and practice of innovative interactive systems. The journal is inherently interdisciplinary, covering research in computing, artificial intelligence, psychology, linguistics, communication, design, engineering, and social organization, which is relevant to the design, analysis, evaluation and application of innovative interactive systems. Papers at the boundaries of these disciplines are especially welcome, as it is our view that interdisciplinary approaches are needed for producing theoretical insights in this complex area and for effective deployment of innovative technologies in concrete user communities.", 2006-2007   
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