Faculty


Stephen Read

Professor of Psychology

Contact Information
E-mail: read@usc.edu
Phone: (213) 740-2291
Office: SGM 821

LINKS
Curriculum Vitae
Personal Website
 

Education

  • B.A. Psychology, Princeton University, 5/1974
  • Ph.D. Psychology, University of Texas at Austin, 8/1981


  • Postdoctoral Training

    • Postdoctoral Fellow, Northwestern University, Department of Psychology, 09/1982-08/1984  
    • Postdoctoral Fellow, Yale University, Department of Psychology, 09/1981-08/1982  

    Academic Appointment, Affiliation, and Employment History

    Tenure Track Appointments
    • Professor of Psychology, University of Southern California, 06/01/1998-  
    • Associate Professor of Psychology, University of Southern California, 05/31/1990-05/31/1998  
    • Assistant Professor of Psychology, University of Southen California, 09/01/1984-05/31/1990  

    PostDoctoral Appointments
    • NIMH Postdoctoral Fellow, Northwestern University, 1982-1984  
    • NSF Postdoctoral Fellow, Yale University, 1981-1982   

    Description of Research

    Summary Statement of Research Interests
    Professor Read has six main areas of research.
    • His primary area of interest is in computational models of social reasoning and social behavior. He focuses on neural network models of personality and social behavior, legal and everyday decision making, models of human motivation, attitudes, and social perception.
    • The neurobiological bases of risky sexual decision making.
    • The creation of realistic personality in computer based intelligent agents in virtual reality training systems.
    • Coherence based, constraint satisfaction based models of decision making and impression formation.
    • The structure and dynamics of human personality.
    • The use of interactive media in changing risky sexual behavior.
    Research Keywords
    neural network models, social reasoning, personality, virtual reality, sexual behavior, neurobiological bases of risky decision making
    Research Specialties
    Neural Network Models of Social Reasoning and Personality. Neurobiological bases of risky decision making. Coherence-based models of decision making. Knowledge structures in causal reasoning and decision making. Narrative models of social explanation. Use of Interactive Media to change risky social behaviors. Structure and function of belief systems. Role of beliefs and attitudes in information processing.

    Funded Research

    Contracts and Grants Awarded
    • Neural Mechanisms of Risky Sexual Decision-Making in METH and non-METH Using MSM (NIDA), Stephen J. Read, Zhong-Lin Lu, Antoine Bechara, Lynn C. Miller, P. Robert Appleby, $2,844,615, 07/01/2011-04/30/2016  
    • SOLVE-IT: Real Risk Reduction for MSM (National Institute of Mental Health), Lynn C. Miller, Stephen J. Read, Paul Robert Appleby, $3,800,000, 04/01/2008-03/31/2013  
    • Motive and Affect-Based Robotic Control (ONR), Wayne Zachary, Stephen J. Read and Lynn C. Miller, $450,000, 2008-2010  
    • Measuring Teamwork Skills and Predicting Reactions to Policies using Computer Agents (Navy Personnel Research, Studies and Technology), Stephen J. Read, Lynn C. Miller, $114,000, 2008-2009   
    • Virtual Sex: Real risk reduction for MSM (NIAID), Lynn C. Miller, Stephen J. Read, $3,500,000, 04/30/2003-03/31/2008  

    Affiliations with Research Centers, Labs, and Other Institutions

    • Communication Solutions

    Publications


    Book Chapter
    • Miller, L. C., Marsella, S., Dey, T., Appleby, P. R., Christensen, J. L., Klatt, J., Read, S. J. (2011). Socially Optimized Learning in Virtual Environments (SOLVE). "Interactive Storytelling" series Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag,.
    • Miller, L. C., Appleby, P. R., Christensen, J. L., Godoy, C. G., Si, M., Corsbie-Massay, C., Read, S. J., Marsella, S. (2011). Virtual Interactive Interventions for Changing Risky Sex: Advancing Prevention Science.
    • Read, S. J., Simon, D. (2011). Parallel Constraint Satisfaction as a Mechanism for Cognitive Consistency. Cognitive Consistency: A Unifying Concept in Socia New York: Guilford Press..
    • Read, S. J., Talevich, J. R., Walsh, D. A., Chopra, G., Iyer, R. (2010). A Comprehensive Taxonomy of Human Motives: A Principled Basis for the Motives of Intelligent Agents. Intelligent Virtual Agents (Vol. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 6356.). pp. 35-41. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
    • Zachary, W., Miller, L. C., Read, S. J., Santarelli, T. (2010). Narrative structure as a cultural variable in modeling and training decision making. Advances in Cross-Cultural Decision Making Taylor and Francis.
    • Miller, L. C., Read, S. J., Zachary, W., Rosoff, A. (2010). Modeling the Impact of Motivation, Personality, and Emotion on Social Behavior. Advances in Social Computing (Vol. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 6007). pp. 298-305. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
    • Miller, L. C., Christensen, J. L., Godoy, C. G., Appleby, P. R., Corsbie-Massay, C., Read, S. J. (2009). Reducing Risky Sexual Decision-Making in the Virtual and in the Real World: Serious Games, Intelligent Agents, and a SOLVE Approach. Serious Games: Mechanisms and Effects. Routledge, Taylor and Francis..
    • Read, S. J., Monroe, B. M. (2009). Using Connectionist Networks to Understand Neurobiological Processes in Social and Personality Psychology. Methods in Social Neuroscience pp. 259-294.. New York: Guilford Press.
    • Read, S. J., Monroe, B. (2008). Computational Models in Personality and Social Psychology. Cambridge: Handbook on computational cognitive modeling. Cambridge University Press..
    • Appleby, P. R., Godoy, C., Miller, L. C., Read, S. J. (2008). Increasing healthy behavior through the use of interactive video technology. Communication perspectives on HIV/AIDS for the 21st century. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates..
    • Read, S. J., Miller, L. C., Kostygina, A., Chopra, G., Christensen, J. L., Corsbie-Massay, C., Zachary, W., LeMentec, J. C., Iordanov, V., Rosoff, A. (2007). The Personality-enabled architecture for Cognition. Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction 2007. Springer-Verlag.
    • Miller, L., Read, S. J. (2006). Virtual Sex: Creating environments for reducing risky sex. pp. p. 000-000. Virtual Decisions: Digital simulations for teaching reasoning in the social sciences and humanities/Erlbaum.
    • Read, S. J., Miller, L., Monroe, B., Brownstein, A., Zachary, W., LeMentec, J., Iordanov, V., Rosoff, A., Eilbert, J. (2006). The PAC Cognitive Architecture. (Vol. NA). Intelligent Virtual Agents/Springer, Berlin, Germany.
    • Read, S. J., Miller, L., Monroe, B., Brownstein, A., Zachary, W., LeMentec, J., Iordanov, V. (2006). A Neurobiologically Inspired Model of Personality. (Vol. 4133). Intelligent Virtual Agents 2006 (IVA 2006)/Springer, Berlin, Germany.
    • Read, S. J., Miller, L. (2005). Explanatory coherence and goal-based knowledge structures in making dispositional inferences. pp. p. 000-000. Boston, MA: Other Minds/Guilford Press.

    Conference Proceeding
    • Read, S. J., Simon, D., Stenstrom, D. (2010). Hot Cognitions in Coherence-Based Reasoning and Decision-Making. In Ohlsson, S., Catrambone, R. (Ed.), pp. 1465-1470. Portland, OR. 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science SocietyCognitive Science Society.

    Journal Article
    • Christensen, J. L., Miller, L. C., Appleby, P. R., Corsbie-Massay, C., Godoy, C., Read, S. J. (2013). Reducing shame in a game that predicts HIV risk reduction for young adult MSM: A randomized trial delivered nationally over the web. Journal of the International AIDS Society.
    • Xue, G., Xue, F., Droutman, V., Lu, Z. L., Bechara, A., Read, S. J. (2013). Common neural mechanisms underlying reversal learning by reward and punishment revealed among men who have sex with men. PLOS ONE.
    • Talevich, J. R., Read, S. J., Walsh, D. A. (2013). Goal Impact: A Goal Systems, Domain General Prediction Tool, Applied to Voluntary Job Turnover. Basic and Applied Social Psychology.
    • Read, S. J., Talevich, J. R., Walsh, D. A., Chopra, G., Iyer, R. (2013). A Comprehensive Taxonomy of Human Motives.
    • deMelo, C., Carnevale, P., Read, S. J., Gratch, J. (2013). Reading People’s Minds from Emotion Expressions in Interdependent Decision Making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
    • Yang, Y., Read, S. J., Denson, T. F., Xu, Y., Zhang, J., Pedersen, W. C. (2013). The key ingredients of personality traits: Situations, behaviors, and explanations. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.
    • Read, S. J., Miller, L. C. (2012). Sources of constraint on network equilibrium. European Journal of Personality.
    • Kenworthy, J. B., Miller, N., Collins, B. E., Read, S. J., Earleywine, M. (2011). A Trans-Paradigm Theoretical Synthesis of Cognitive Dissonance Theory: Illuminating the Nature of Discomfort. European Review of Social Psychology. Vol. 22 (1), pp. 36-113.
    • Read, S. J., Monroe, B. M., Brownstein, A. L., Yang, Y., Chopra, G., Miller, L. C. (2010). A Neural Network Model of the Structure and Dynamics of Human Personality. Psychological Review.
    • Read, S. J., Monroe, B. M. (2007). Modeling Cognitive Dissonance using A Recurrent Neural Network Model with Learning. Personality and Social Psychology Review.
    • Yang, Y., Read, S. J., Miller, L. (2009). The Concept of Situations. Social and Personality Psychology Compass.
    • Read, S. J., Monroe, B. M. (2009). Must Judgments About Intentionality Precede Dispositional Inference?. Psychological Inquiry. Vol. 20, pp. 1–7.
    • Read, S. J., Monroe, B. M., Brownstein, A. L., Yang, Y., Chopra, G., Miller, L. C. (2007). Virtual Personalities II: A Neural Network Model of the Structure and Dynamics of Human Personality. Psychological Review.
    • Monroe, B. M., Read, S. J. (2008). A General Connectionist Model of Attitudes and Attitude Change: The ACS (Attitudes as Constraint Satisfaction) Model. Psychological Review. Vol. 115, pp. 733–759.
    • Brownstein, A., Read, S. J. (2007). Situation models and memory: The effects of temporal and causal information in recall sequence. Memory. Vol. 15, pp. 730-745.
    • Roseman, I., Read, S. J. (2007). Psychologist at Play: Robert P. Abelson's Life and Contributions to Psychological Science. Perspectives in Psychological Science. Vol. NA
    • Read, S. J., Monroe, B. M. (2007). Gaps in the Mapping between Simulations and Self: Concerns with the Proposed Neural Network Model: Commentary on the Target Article by Kashima et al. Psychological Inquiry.
    • Read, S. J., Miller, L., Appleby, P. R., Nwosu, M., Reynaldo, S. E., Lauren, A., Putcha, A. (2006). Socially Optimized Learning in a Virtual Environment: Reducing Risky Sexual Behavior Among Men Who Have Sex With Men. . Human Communication Research/International Communication Association. Vol. 32 (1), pp. 1-34.
    • Yang, Y., Read, S. J., Miller, L. (2006). A taxonomy of situations from Chinese idioms: Goal processes as a central organizing principle. Journal of Research in Personality/NA. Vol. 40, pp. pp. 750-778.
    • Jones, D., Read, S. J. (2005). Expert versus Novice differences in the representation of political knowledge. Discourse Processes/NA. Vol. 39, pp. 45-80.
    • Van Osselaer, S. M., Ramanathan, S., Campbell, M. C., Cohen, J. B., Dale, J. K., Herr, P. M., Janiszewski, C., Kruglanski, A. W., Lee, A. Y., Read, S. J. (2005). Choice based on goals. Marketing Letters/Springer. Vol. 16, pp. 335-346.
    • Simon, D., Snow, C. J., Read, S. J. (2004). The Redux of Cognitive Consistency Theories: Evidence Judgments by Constraint Satisfaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology/American Psychological Association. Vol. 86, pp. 814-837.
    • Brownstein, A., Read, S. J., Simon, D. (2004). Effects of Individual Expertise and Task Importance on Pre-decision Reevaluation of Alternatives. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin/NA. Vol. 30, pp. 891-904.
    • Read, S. J., Urada, D. (2003). A neural network model of the outgroup homogeneity effect. Personality and Social Psychology Review/Erlbaum. Vol. 7, pp. 146-169.
    • Read, S. J., Miller, L. (2002). Virtual Personalities: A Neural Network Model of Personality. Personality and Social Psychology Review/Erlbaum. Vol. 6, pp. 357-369.
    • Chulef, A., Read, S. J., Walsh, D. A. (2001). A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Human Goals. Motivation and Emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology/American Psychological Association. Vol. 25, pp. 191-232.
    • Read, S. J. (1999). An autoassociative model of causal learning and causal reasoning. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology/American Psychological Association. Vol. 76, pp. 728-742.
    • Read, S. J., Vanman, E. J., Miller, L. (1997). Connectionism, Parallel Constraint Satisfaction Processes and Gestalt Principles: (Re) Introducing Cognitive Dynamics to Social Psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Review/Erlbaum. Vol. 1, pp. 26-53.

    Other
    • Read, S. J. Vallacher, R. R., Read, S. J., & Nowak, A. (Eds.)(2002). The Dynamical Perspective in Personality and Social Psychology. Special issue of Personality and Social Psychology Review. .

    Proceedings
    • deMelo, C., Carnevale, P., Read, S. J., Gratch, J. (2012). Reverse appraisal: The importance of appraisals for the effect of emotion displays on people's decision-making in a social dilemma. Proceedings of The 34th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci)..
    • Pepe, A. A., Zachary, W., Miller, L., Read, S. J., Miller, D. I., (2008), V. (2008). Motive and affect-based robotic control – MARC. In Proceedings of the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) Unmanned Systems North America (Ed.), San. pp. Diego. California, USA. Proceedings of the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) Unmanned Systems North America.
    • Pepe, A. A., Zachary, W., Read, S. J., Miller, L., Iordanov, V., Miller, D., Chopra, G. (2008). Motive and affect-based control for uninhabited vehicles. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomic Society 52nd Annual Meeting (Ed.), USA. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomic Society 52nd Annual Meeting, USA..
    • Zachary, W., LeMentec, J., Miller, L., Read, S. J., Thomas Meyers, G. (2005). Human behavioral representations with realistic personality and cultural characteristics. pp. p. 000-000. proceedings of the Tenth International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, McLean, VA./NA.
    • Zachary, W., LeMentec, J., Read, S. J., Miller, L. (2005). Steps toward a Personality-based Architecture for Cognition. pp. p. 000-000. Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Behavioral Representation in Modeling and Simulation, Los Angeles, CA./NA.
    • Marsella, S., Pynadath, D., Read, S. J. (2004). PsychSim: Agent-based modeling of social interactions and influence. pp. p. 000-000. NA.
    • Kim, D., Read, S. J. (2004). Asymmetries in the Bidirectional Associative Strengths Between Events in Cue Competition for Causes and Effects. pp. p. 690-695. In K. Forbus, D. Gentner & T. Regier (Eds). Twenty-Sixth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society August 4-7, 2004 Chicago, Illinois/Erlbaum.
    • Brownstein, A., Read, S. J., Simon, D. (2004). Coherence in Perceptions of a Romantic Relationship. pp. p. 162-167. In K. Forbus, D. Gentner & T. Regier (Eds). Twenty-Sixth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society August 4-7, 2004 Chicago, Illinois./Erlbaum.

    Multimedia Scholarship and Creative Works

    • Interactive DVD, Created an Interactive DVD designed to help Men who have sex with Men better learn to negotiate safer sex. Create 3 full versions for each of three different ethnicities: White, Black, and Hispanic/ , 03/31/2003-04/01/2008  
    • Online 3D game, Creating an online 3D game aimed at helping Men who have Sex with Men better learn to negotiate safer sex. , 04/01/2008-03/31/2013  

    Honors and Awards

    • Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science, 2005-2006  
    • USC Center for Interdisciplinary Faculty Fellowship, 2004-2005  

    Service to the Profession


    Professional Memberships
    • Cognitive Science Society, 1986-  
    • Association for Psychological Science, 1985-  
    • Society for Experimental Social Psychology, 1985-  
    • Society for Personality and Social Psychology, 1985-  
    • Society for Text and Discourse, 1988-2006  
    • Society for Judgement and Decision Making, 1985-2006  




  • Department of Psychology
  • University of Southern California
  • SGM 501
  • 3620 South McClintock Ave.
  • Los Angeles, CA 90089-1061