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Dani Byrd

Professor of Linguistics
Vice Dean for Institutional Affairs

Contact Information
E-mail: dbyrd@dornsife.usc.edu
Phone: (213) 740-2444
Office: ADM 304

LINKS
Personal Website
Course Information
Curriculum Vitae
USC Phonetics and Phonology Group
USC Phonetics Laboratory Research
Speech Production and Articulation kNowledge Group (SPAN)
 

Education

Ph.D. Linguistics, University of California, Los Angeles, 5/1994
B.A. Linguistics, Yale University, 5/1990
M.A. Linguistics, Yale University, 5/1990
 

Academic Appointment, Affiliation, and Employment History

Professor, University of Southern California, 02/2008-  
Research Affiliate, Haskins Laboratories, 01/01/1999-  
Associate Professor, University of Southern California, 06/01/2002-02/2008  
Assistant Professor, University of Southern California, 06/30/1999-06/01/2002  
Research Affiliate, Yale University, 01/01/1998-01/01/1999  
Senior Scientist, Haskins Laboratories, 01/01/1997-01/01/1999  
National Institutes of Health Training Grant Post-Doctoral Fellow, Haskins Laboratories, 07/01/1994-01/01/1997  
Lecturer, Yale University, 09/01/1996-12/31/1996  
 

Description of Research

Summary Statement of Research Interests

Professor Byrd's special interest is in speech production and articulation. She studies how the skilled, sound producing movements of the vocal tract are coordinated in time as a result of linguistic structuring, such as phrase and syllable structure. In order to study speech production, she uses cutting edge technology for tracking and imaging inside the mouth and throat during speech, including magnetometry and real-time MRI. Her research is supported by the NIH.

Spoken language relies on an elegant and complex acoustic structure to support communication between speakers and listeners. Consideration of the orchestration of articulatory activity that produces this acoustic signal is a necessary element in understanding the process of human communication. The complex messages and emotions of spoken language must be communicated by precise choreography of the jaw, tongue, lips, larynx, and respiratory system. This choreography is shaped by the structure of the language being spoken but is constrained by the shared biology of the human organism producing the linguistic message.

Phonetics is an interdisciplinary area of research, which in addition to requiring an understanding of linguistics, incorporates elements of cognitive science, motor control, acoustics, engineering, physiology, and psychology. Professor Byrd considers her work in speech production to be part of the growing interdisciplinary research effort in cognitive science, adopting the view that the study of language is one of the cornerstones of this effort as it is a special human ability that makes possible the richness of human intellect, relationships, culture, and technology.

A longer research summary is here: www-rcf.usc.edu/~dbyrd/dbyrd_research.html.

 

Research Keywords

phonetics, speech, articulation, speech production, prosody
 

Research Specialties

Phonetics, Speech Production, Prosody, Articulation
 

Funded Research

Contracts and Grants Awarded

Prosody and articulatory dynamics in spoken language (NIH), Dani Byrd, $2,453,430, 04/2012-03/2017  
Dynamics of vocal tract shaping (NIH), Shrikanth Narayanan, $2,301,857, 12/2009-11/2014  
Prosody and Articulatory Dynamics in Spoken Language (total costs shown) (NIH), Dani Byrd, $2,848,550, 09/01/2006-08/31/2011  
Dyanmics of Vocal Tract Shaping (total costs shown) (NIH), Shrikanth Narayanan, Dani Byrd (co-lead investigator), $1,767,992, 04/01/2005-03/31/2009  
Human-like Speech Processing ('your portion' shows total $ to USC) (Office of Naval Reseach MURI), Shrikanth Narayanan, Dani Byrd, $4,980,687, 05/01/2005-04/30/2008  
Prosody And Articulatory Dynamics In Spoken Language (National Institutes of Health), Byrd, Dani, $1,470,220, 09/20/2002-08/31/2006  
Prosody and Articulatory Dynamics in Spoken Language (NIH), Dani Byrd, $1,470,220, 09/01/2002-08/31/2006  
Temporal structuring of speech and manual gestures (NIH (NIDCD) [Direct Costs Shown]), Elliot Saltzman, $915,000, 09/01/2001-12/31/2004  
Articulatory timing: Organizing syllables and phrases. [Direct Costs shown] (NIH), Dani Byrd, $350,000, 1997-2002  
NSF Dissertation Improvement Grant—Research Experience for Undergraduates Supplement (NSF), Byrd, Patricia Keating, $5,000, 1992  
Electropalatographic study of coproduction in English consonant sequences. (NSF), Dani Byrd, Patricia Keating, $12,897, 1992  
 

USC Funding

USC Undergraduate Research Program. Toward illuminating fine details in human speech production: Analyzing real-time MRI movies to investigate Chinese and German.: (with S. Narayanan), $6,500, 2006  
USC Undergraduate Research Program . Toward illuminating fine details in human speech production: Building a phonetic database of real-time moving speech images. : (with S. Narayanan and S. Lee) , $5,000, 2005  
USC Undergraduate Research Program . Toward illuminating fine details in human speech production: investigations of vocal tract movements.: (with S. Narayanan and S. Lee) , $7,000, 2003-2004   
IMSC Research Program for Undergraduate Students. Human Factors in Child-Machine Spoken Language Interactio: (with S. Narayanan & E. Andersen). , $5,000, 2002-2003   
USC Undergraduate Research Program . Developing Child-Machine Spoken Interfaces: A cross-disciplinary approach bridging technological, linguistic and social challenges: (with S. Narayanan & E. Andersen) , $9,000, 2002  
IMSC Research Program for Undergraduate Students. Effect of machine errors on adult discourse patterns in human-machine conversations.: (with S. Narayanan & E. Andersen). , $5,000, 2001-2002  
IMSC Research Program for Undergraduate Students. Emotion appropriate text to speech synthesis.: (with S. Narayanan & E. Andersen). , $5,000, 2001-2002   
IMSC Research Program for Undergraduate Students. Use of sociolinguistic markers in child-machine conversational interactions and implications for development of child-oriented ASR systems. : (with S. Narayanan & E. Andersen). , $10,000, 2001-2002   
IMSC Research Program for Undergraduate Students. Use of sociolinguistic markers in child-machine conversational interactions and implications for development of child-oriented ASR systems. : (with S. Narayanan & E. Andersen). , $5,000, 2001-2002   
USC Undergraduate Research Program. Child and adult spoken language interaction with computers. : (with S. Narayanan & E. Andersen) , $7,360, 2001  
IMSC Research Program for Undergraduate Students. Effect of machine errors on adult discourse patterns in human-machine conversations.: (with S. Narayanan & E. Andersen). , $5,000, 2000-2001   
James H. Zumberge Individual Research Grant.. Understanding the production of English word stress in speaking: Understanding the production of English word stress in speaking, $21,790, 2000-2001   
 

Affiliations with Research Centers, Labs, and Other Institutions

Research Affiliate at Haskins Laboratories, http://haskins.yale.edu
USC Phonetics Laboratory, Director, http://www-rcf.usc.edu/~dbyrd/
USC Speech Production and Articulation kNowledge Group (SPAN), co-leader, http://sail.usc.edu/span
 

Publications

Book

Byrd, D., Mintz, T. H. (2010). Discovering Speech, Words, and Mind. Wiley-Blackwell. Amazon
 

Book Chapter

Byrd, D. (2006). Relating prosody and dynamic events: Commentary on the papers by Cho, Navas, and Smiljanic´. (Vol. 549-561). Papers in Laboratory Phonology 8/Mouton de Gruyter.
Goldstein, L., Byrd, D., Saltzman, E. (2006). The role of vocal tract gestural action units in understanding the evolution of phonology. pp. p. 215-249. Cambridge, UK: Action to Language via the Mirror Neuron System/Cambridge University Press.
Byrd, D., Saltzman, E. (2003). Speech production. pp. p. 1072-1076.. The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. 2nd Edition./The MIT Press.
 

Journal Article

Michael, P., Nayak, K., Bresch, E., Byrd, D., Narayanan, S. (2013). Para-linguistics mechanisms of production in human ‘beatboxing:’ a real-time magnetic resonance imaging study. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 133 (2), pp. 1043-1054.
Ramanarayanan, V., Goldstein, L., Byrd, D., Narayanan, S. (2013). An investigation of articulatory setting using real-time magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 134 (1), pp. 510-519.
Parrell, B., Byrd, D., Lee, S. (2013). Evaluation of prosodic juncture strength using functional data analysis. Journal of Phonetics. Vol. 41 (6), pp. 443-452.
Krivokapic, J., Byrd, D. (2012). Prosodic boundary strength: An articulatory and perceptual study. Journal of Phonetics. Vol. 40 (3), pp. 430-442.
Byrd, D., Tobin, S., Bresch, E., Narayanan, S. (2009). Timing effects of syllable structure and stress on nasals: a real-time MRI examination. Journal of Phonetics. Vol. 37, pp. 97-110. pdf
Ramanarayanan, V., Bresch, E., Byrd, D., Goldstein, L., Narayanan, S. (2009). Analysis of pausing behavior in spontaneous speech using real-time magnetic resonance imaging of articulation. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 126 (5), pp. EL160-165.
Byrd, D., Riggs, D. (2008). Locality interactions with prominence in determining the scope of phrasal lengthening. Journal of the International Phonetic Association. (38), pp. 187-202.
Walker, R., Byrd, D., Mpiranya, F. (2008). An articulatory view of Kinyarwanda’s coronal harmony. Phonology. Vol. 25 (3), pp. 499-535. pdf
Byrd, D., Lee, S., Campos-Astorkiza, R. (2008). Phrase boundary effects on the temporal kinematics of sequential tongue tip consonants. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 23 (6), pp. 4456-4465. pdf
Goldstein, L., Pouplier, M., Chen, L., Saltzman, E., Byrd, D. (2007). Gestural action units slip in speech production errors. Cognition/Elsevier. Vol. 103 (3), pp. p. 386-412.
Lee, S., Byrd, D., Krivokapic, J. (2006). Functional data analysis of prosodic effects on articulatory timing. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America/ASA through the American Institute of Physics. pp. p. 1666-1671.
Byrd, D., Krivokapic, J., Lee, S. (2006). How far, how long: On the temporal scope of phrase boundary effects. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America/ASA through the American Institute of Physics. pp. p. 1589-1599.
Byrd, D., Kreiman, J. (2006). Peter Nielsen Ladefoged • 1925-2006. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America/ASA through the American Institute of Physics. pp. p. 2555.
Byrd, D., Lee, S., Riggs, D., Adams, J. (2005). Interacting effects of syllable and phrase position on consonant articulation. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America/ASA through the American Institute of Physics. Vol. 118(6), pp. p. 3860-3873.
Fukaya, T., Byrd, D. (2005). An articulatory examination of word-final flapping at phrase-edges and interiors. Journal of the International Phonetic Association/Cambridge University Press. Vol. 35(1), pp. p. 45-58.
Narayanan, S., Nayak, K., Lee, S., Sethy, A., Byrd, D. (2004). An approach to real-time magnetic resonance imaging for speech production. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America/ASA through the American Institute of Physics. Vol. 115, pp. p. 1771-1776.
Byrd, D., Saltzman, E. (2003). The elastic phrase: Dynamics of boundary-adjacent lengthening. Journal of Phonetics/Academic Press. Vol. 31(2), pp. p. 149-180.
Byrd, D. (2000). Articulatory vowel lengthening and coordination at phrasal junctures. Phonetica/Karger. Vol. 57(1), pp. p. 3-16.
Saltzman, E., Byrd, D. (2000). Task-dynamics of gestural timing: Phase windows and multifrequency rhythms. Human Movement Science/Elsevier Science. Vol. 19(4), pp. p. 499-526.
Narayanan, S., Byrd, D., Kaun, A. R. (1999). Geometry, kinematics, and acoustics of Tamil liquid consonants. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America/ASA through the American Institute of Physics. Vol. 106(4), pp. p. 1993-2007.
Byrd, D., Saltzman, E. (1998). Intragestural dynamics of multiple phrasal boundaries. Journal of Phonetics/Academic Press. Vol. 26, pp. p. 173-199.
Saltzman, E., Byrd, D. (1998). Tending the garden or the plant?. Bulletin de la Communication Parlée/Institut de la Communication Parlée. Vol. 4, pp. p. 79-83.
Byrd, D., Tan, C. C. (1996). Saying consonant clusters quickly. Journal of Phonetics/Academic Press. Vol. 24(2), pp. p. 263-282.
Byrd, D. (1996). Influences on articulatory timing in consonant sequences. Journal of Phonetics/Academic Press. Vol. 24(2), pp. p. 209-244.
Byrd, D. (1996). A phase window framework for articulatory timing. Phonology/Cambridge University Press. Vol. 13(2), pp. p. 139-169.
Pugh, K. R., Shaywitz, B. A., Shaywitz, S. E., Fullbright, R. K., Byrd, D., Skudlarski, P., Shankweiler, D. P., Katz, L., Constable, R. T., Fletcher, J. (1996). Auditory selective attention: An fMRI investigation. Neuroimage/Academic Press. Vol. 4, pp. p. 159-173.
Byrd, D. (1995). C-Centers revisited. Phonetica/Karger. Vol. 52, pp. p. 263-282.
Byrd, D. (1995). Palatogram reading as a phonetic skill: The answer to issue 24(1)’s EPG “mystery” sentence. Journal of the International Phonetic Association/Cambridge University Press. Vol. 25(2), pp. p. 65-70.
Byrd, D., Flemming, E., Mueller, C. A., Tan, C. C. (1995). Using regions and indices in EPG data reduction. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research/American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Vol. 38, pp. p. 821-827.
Byrd, D. (1994). Palatogram reading as a phonetic skill: A short tutorial. Journal of the International Phonetic Association/Cambridge University Press. Vol. 24, pp. p. 21-34.
Keating, P., Byrd, D., Flemming, E., Todaka, Y. (1994). Phonetic analyses of word and segment variation using the TIMIT corpus of American English. Speech Communication/Elsevier Science. Vol. 14, pp. p. 131-142.
Byrd, D. (1994). Relations of sex and dialect to reduction. Speech Communication/Elsevier Science. Vol. 15, pp. p. 39-54.
Byrd, D. (1992). Perception of assimilation in consonant clusters. Phonetica/Karger. Vol. 49, pp. p. 1-24.
Byrd, D. (1992). Pitch and duration of yes-no questions in Nchufie. Journal of the International Phonetic Association/Cambridge University Press. Vol. 22, pp. p. 12-26.
 

Magazine/Trade Publication

Byrd, D., Bresch, E., Kim, Y. C., Nayak, K., Narayanan, S. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine. Vol. 25, pp. 123-132. pdf
 

Proceedings

Byrd, D. (2003). Frontiers and challenges in Articulatory Phonology. pp. p. 89-92. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences..
Chitoran, I., Goldstein, L., Byrd, D. (2002). Articulatory evidence from Georgian. pp. p. 419-448. Laboratory Phonology 7/Mouton de Gruyter.
Shin, J., Narayanan, S., Gerber, L., Kazemzadeh, E., Byrd, D. (2002). Analysis of user behavior under error conditions in spoken dialogs. Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Spoken Language Processing.
Arunachalam, S., Gould, D., Andersen, E., Byrd, D., Narayanan, S. (2001). Politeness and frustration language in child-machine interactions. pp. p. 2675-2678. Proceedings of Eurospeech.
Byrd, D. (1993). Marshallese suffixal reduplication. pp. p. 61-77. The Proceedings of the Eleventh West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics/Center for the Study of Language and Information.
 

Honors and Awards

Fellow, Acoustical Society of America, citation: "For research on the relation of linguistic structures to the temoral realization of speech.", 2008-  
USC Dornsife Dean’s Award for Distinguished Service, 2012  
Recipient of National or International Prize in Discipline, R. Bruce Lindsay Award, Acoustical Society of America, 2003  
 

Service to the University

Administrative Appointments

Vice Dean for Institutional Affairs, USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts & Sciences , 07/2012-  
Vice Dean for Faculty, USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts & Sciences, 01/2011-07/2012  
Vice Dean for Faculty & Research, USC College of Letters, Arts & Sciences, 07/01/2008-12/31/2010  
Vice Dean, Research Advancement, USC College of Letters, Arts & Sciences, 2007-2008   
 

Service to the Profession

Committees

Member, Acoustical Society of America Speech Communication Technical Committee, 2003-  
 

Editorships and Editorial Boards

Editorial Board Member, Journal of Phonetics, 10/01/2008-  
Editorial Board Member, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 1996-  
Associate Editor, Journal of Phonetics, 09/15/2006-09/14/2008  
 

Professional Memberships

Acoustical Society of America, Full Member, 1994-  
International Phonetic Association, 1994-  
 

Review Panels

NIH NIDCD, LCOM Review Panel Ad-hoc Member, 2007  
NIH NIDCD, ad hoc reviewer, 2005-2006   
NSF, ad hoc Panel member, 2005-2006   
 
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