Faculty Books

Faculty Publications:
Books | Scholarly Journal Articles | General Audience Articles
2012

Wiseman, Geoffrey (with Paul Sharp) eds. American Diplomacy. (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2012).

These essays examine questions arising from the Obama administration's efforts to revive American diplomacy and its response to the ways in which diplomacy itself is being transformed. The essays examine these questions from a variety of theoretical and practical perspectives provided by scholars and diplomats from around the world and within the United States.

A common focus of the collection is on how diplomacy's contribution to the effectiveness of foreign policy has been undervalued in the United States by governments, the foreign policy community, and academics. Together, the essays seek to raise awareness of American diplomacy conducted at all levels of government and society. They consider its future prospects in the context of America's economic difficulties and the anticipated further erosion of its international position. And they ask how American diplomacy may be strengthened in the interests of international peace and security, whether under a second term Obama administration or the leadership of a new president.
Katada

Katada, Saori. The Global Economic Crisis and East Asian Regionalism. (London & New York: Routledge, 2012).

Regional cooperation in East Asia on various issue areas, such as emergency liquidity mechanisms in finance, the exponential growth of free trade agreements and policy coordination on the environment and public health, developed rapidly after the Asian Financial Crisis. A decade later, the global financial crisis offered a new opportunity for the nascent regional cooperation mechanisms to acquire new depth and meaning - this time, however, in a very different context due to the unfaltering rise of China. How have inter-state cooperation mechanisms, which were devised originally to deal with the problems of the past crisis, fared in the recent global economic turbulence? Can regional integration effectively insulate East Asia from the vagaries of the international market? Should East Asian nations heed the call for regionalism or globalism?

This volume not only offers one of the first assessments of how the global economic crisis has affected the prospects for regional integration in East Asia, but it also addresses a number of long-standing debates of interest to East Asian specialists, economists and policymakers: Are crises catalysts for revamping developmental models? Do they provide solid foundations for regional solidarity and integration? Can they help catapult countries into the global limelight?

 

Wiseman

Wiseman, Geoffrey (with Pauline Kerr). Diplomacy in a Globalizing World: Theories and Practices. (Oxford University Press, 2012).

In Diplomacy in a Globalizing World: Theories and Practices, twenty-three respected scholars contribute to the debate about the changing nature of contemporary diplomacy and its future theoretical and practical directions. Filling a gap in the diplomacy textbook market, this unique volume balances breadth with depth and theory with practice, using cutting-edge comparisons to show that twenty-first century diplomacy is best understood as "complex diplomacy." The book analyzes diplomacy's historical and contemporary developments; Western and non-Western diplomatic theories and practices; sociological and political theories of diplomacy; and various diplomatic structures, processes, and instruments, such as the ministry of foreign affairs, public diplomacy, bilateral and multilateral diplomacy, and intelligence. Numerous pedagogical tools enhance the text.

"Diplomacy in a Globalizing World" is an important new book that brings needed focus to an often-neglected component of international politics. Diplomacy is critical for the twenty-first-century world, and this insightful book illuminates clearly the challenges and benefits of diplomatic solutions for a changing world order."--Nicholas Burns, Harvard University, and former U.S. Under Secretary of State

Rathbun Trust in International Cooperation

Rathbun, Brian C. Trust in International Cooperation: International Security Institutions, Domestic Politics and American Multilateralism. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012).

Trust in International Cooperation challenges conventional wisdoms concerning the part which trust plays in international cooperation and the origins of American multilateralism. Rathbun questions rational institutionalist arguments, demonstrating that trust precedes rather than follows the creation of international organizations. Drawing on social psychology, he shows that individuals placed in the same structural circumstances show markedly different propensities to cooperate based on their beliefs about the trustworthiness of others. Linking this finding to political psychology, Rathbun explains why liberals generally pursue a more multilateral foreign policy than conservatives, evident in the Democratic Party's greater support for a genuinely multilateral League of Nations, United Nations and North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Rathbun argues that the post-Second World War bipartisan consensus on multilateralism is a myth, and differences between the parties are growing continually starker.

 Hymans Achieving Nuclear Amitions

Hymans, Jacques E. C.  Achieving Nuclear Ambitions: Scientists, Politicians and Proliferation. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012)

Despite the global spread of nuclear hardware and knowledge, at least half of the nuclear weapons projects launched since 1970 have definitively failed, and even the successful projects have generally needed far more time than expected. To explain this puzzling slowdown in proliferation, Jacques E. C. Hymans focuses on the relations between politicians and scientific and technical workers in developing countries. By undermining the workers' spirit of professionalism, developing country rulers unintentionally thwart their own nuclear ambitions. Combining rich theoretical analysis, in-depth historical case studies of Iraq, China, Yugoslavia and Argentina and insightful analyses of current-day proliferant states, Achieving Nuclear Ambitions develops a powerful new perspective that effectively counters the widespread fears of a coming cascade of new nuclear powers.

2011

Berton, Peter. Russo – Japanese Relations, 1905-1917: From Enemies to Allies (London & New York: Routledge 2011)

One surprising outcome of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905 was that, although Russia was humiliatingly defeated, by 1916 Russia and Japan had
become allies. This book provides a detailed analysis of how this remarkable turnaround came about. It traces the evolution of relations between the two
powers through the conclusion of three public and secret agreements in 1907, 1910, and 1912, and the controversial secret alliance of 1916. The book argues that careful examination of complete records of negotiations from both sides definitively proves the case for Germany, not the United States, as the target of the secret treaty. Based on meticulous examination of documents in both Russian and Japanese foreign policy archives, it charts diplomatic developments, explores how Japanese and Russian thinking evolved, and assesses the wider international impact of the new alliance.

Contents
1   Russo-Japanese relations, 1905-1914
2   Efforts to conclude alliances at the outbreak of World War I
3   Russo-Japanese relations during the early part of World War I
4   The torturous road to Japan’s decision on an alliance with Russia
5   Conclusion of the Russo-Japanese alliance of 1916
6   The 1916 treaties, China, and the powers
7   From enemies to allies: summary and conclusions

Wiseman, Geoffrey (with Paul Sharp) eds. American Diplomacy. The Hague Journal of Diplomacy Special Issue, Vol 6, Nos. 3-4, 2011.

The United States is encountering what appears to be a not-so-American second century after all. As it does so, there is no more important, yet no more neglected, issue of international significance than the conduct of American diplomacy. This special issue, co-edited by Paul Sharp and Geoffrey Wiseman, goes a long way to remedying this neglect. A team of leading scholars and practitioners take as their point of departure the commitment of President Obama and Secretary of State Clinton to make American diplomacy co-equal with defense and development in the conduct of the United States' international relations. Topics covered include continuity and change in its conduct at the UN, the views from Europe, China and Iran, reform of US public diplomacy, the historical roots of Americans' suspicion of diplomacy, how contemporary diplomacy plays out on the streets, as well as in the chancelleries, of America's allies, and the exceptional character of America's diplomatic culture.

Cross, Mai'a K. Davis. Security Integration in Europe: How Knowledge-based Networks Are Transforming the European Union. (University of Michigan Press, 2011)

At a time when many observers question the EU's ability to achieve integration of any significance, and indeed Europeans themselves appear disillusioned, Mai'a K. Davis Cross argues that the EU has made remarkable advances in security integration, in both its external and internal dimensions. Moreover, internal security integration—such as dealing with terrorism, immigration, cross-border crime, and drug and human trafficking—has made even greater progress with dismantling certain barriers that previously stood at the core of traditional state sovereignty.

Such unprecedented collaboration has become possible thanks to knowledge-based transnational networks, or "epistemic communities," of ambassadors, military generals, scientists, and other experts who supersede national governments in the diplomacy of security decision making and are making headway at remarkable speed by virtue of their shared expertise, common culture, professional norms, and frequent meetings. Cross brings together nearly 80 personal interviews and a host of recent government documents over the course of five separate case studies to provide a microsociological account of how governance really works in today's EU and what future role it is likely to play in the international environment.

Feminism and International Relations

Tickner, J. Ann (with Laura Sjoberg). Feminism and International Relations: Conversations about the past, present and future. (Routledge, 2011)

Feminist International Relations scholarship in the United States recently celebrated its 20th anniversary. Over those years, feminist researchers have made substantial progress concerning the question of how gender matters in global politics, global economics, and global culture. The progress has been noted both in the academic field of international relations and, increasingly, in the policy world.

 

Celebrating these achievements, this book constructs conversations about the history, present state of, and future of feminist International Relations as a field across subfields of IR, continents, and generations of scholars. Providing an overview and assessment of what it means to "gender" IR in the 21st century, the volume has a unique format: it features a series of intellectual conversations, presenting cutting-edge research in the field, with provocative comments from senior scholars. It examines issues including global governance, the United Nations, war, peace, security, science, beauty, and human rights and addresses key questions including:

  • What does viewing the diverse problems of global politics through gendered lenses look like in the 21st Century?
  • How do feminisms accommodate differences in culture, race, and religion?
  • How do feminist theoretical and policy analyses fit together?

 

These conversations about feminist IR are accessible to non-specialist audiences and will be of interest to students and scholars of Gender Studies, Feminist Politics and International Relations.

 And Fortune Fled

Fry, Michael Graham. And Fortune Fled. (Peter Lang Publishing, 2011)
The First World War was the defining event of the twentieth century and the Paris Peace Conference the most important such conference. The four years following the war helped determine whether the world would find peace or face another war. In December 1916 David Lloyd George became Prime Minister of Britain and came to dominate wartime diplomacy and postwar international affairs. Although he resigned in October 1922 and never held high office again, he was the pre-eminent liberal statesman of the twentieth century. Arguably Lloyd George was the equal of Winston Churchill as a war leader and indisputably superior as a creative, ingenious, and visionary statesman.

 Global Politics

Lamy, Steven L. (with John Baylis, Steve Smith, and Patricia Owens). Introduction to Global Politics. (Oxford University Press, 2011). 
The first U.S. textbook to offer students a truly global approach, Introduction to Global Politics brings together an expert team of international scholars who provide a current, engaging, non-U.S. perspective on international relations. 

Authors Steven L. Lamy, John Baylis, Steve Smith, and Patricia Owens help students to identify patterns, to apply theories, and to see "the whole chessboard" of global politics. The book's unique organization facilitates this global approach by dividing typical course coverage into several core areas of study--"Foundations," "Theories," "Actors," and "Issues"--allowing not only for maximum teaching flexibility but also for more thoughtful classroom discussions on various theories, transnational actors, and timely global issues. Adding interesting features and critical thinking questions throughout each chapter, the authors take the global approach one step further, encouraging students to develop their own informed worldviews.

2010
Shifting the Balance

Lowenthal, Abraham F. (with Laurence Whitehead and Theodore J. Piccone) eds. Shifting the Balance: Obama and the Americas (Brookings Institution Press, 2010)
In early 2009, at the start of a new administration in Washington, the Brookings Institution Press published The Obama Administration and the Americas: Agenda for Change, offering a roadmap for a fresh approach to U.S. relations with its neighbors. Now, at the midway point of that presidential administration, the editors of that insightful volume follow up with Shifting the Balance: Obama and the Americas, an authoritative and critical look at what President Obama and his team have done in regard to Latin America and the Caribbean, how they have been received in the region, and what steps should be taken in the future.

 Obama y las Americas

 

Lowenthal, Abraham F. (with Laurence Whitehead and Theodore J. Piccone) eds. Obama y las américas(Planeta, 2010).
The Obama administration has been in office nearly two years, long enough to determine its approach and priorities and set them in motion.  While many observers expressed disappointment at the initial results of U.S. policy toward Latin America, the Obama administration has successfully shifted some policies and is using the language of collaboration and partnership rather than confrontation. This book examines the Obama administration’s policies toward the region by addressing the following questions:

 

 

What accounts for the Obama administration’s surprising early focus on Latin America and then for its disappointing follow-up? How are the region’s problems evolving, and what challenges do or will they pose for Washington? What opportunities still exist for meaningful inter-American cooperation? What steps can and should the Obama administration undertake at this stage, both regionally and in a host of critical countries from Mexico and Haiti to Brazil and Venezuela? Co-edited by Abraham F. Lowenthal, Theodore J. Piccone and Laurence Whitehead, three seasoned and respected analysts, this volume is written by an excellent group of experts from the United States, Europe and Latin America. Taken together, these essays provide a highly informed, richly nuanced and constructive guide to the challenges and opportunities of inter-American relations today.

 Constitutional Politics in Canada after the Charter

James, Patrick, Constitutional Politics in Canada After the Charter: Liberalism, Communitarianism and Systemism (University of British Columbia Press, 2010).
Since the Charter of Rights and Freedoms was introduced, Canada has experienced more than twenty-five years of constitutional politics and countless debates about the future of Canada. There has, however, been no systematic attempt to identify general theories about Canada's constitutional evolution. Patrick James corrects this oversight. By adding clarity to familiar debates, this succinct assessment of major writings on constitutional politics sharpens our vision of the past -- and the future -- of the Canadian federation.

 Religion, Identity and Global Governance

James, Patrick, ed. Religion, Identity and Global Governance: Theory, Evidence and Practice (University of Toronto Press, 2010).
In the wake of 9/11, and with ongoing wars and tensions in the Middle East, questioning contemporary connections between and among religion, identity, and global governance is an exercise that is both important and timely. This volume, edited by Patrick James, addresses essential themes in international relations today, asking how we can establish when religious identity is a relevant factor in explaining or understanding politics, when and how religion can be applied to advance positive, peace-oriented agendas in global governance, and how governments can reconsider their foreign and domestic policies in light of religious resurgence around the world. Exploring topics such as Pope John Paul II's Just War, the role of religious NGOs in relation to states, and religious extremism among Muslims in India, the contributors highlight the central role that religion can play in foreign policy. Taken together, these essays contend that global governance cannot and will not improve unless it can find a way to coexist with the powerful force of religion.

 East Asia

Kang, David C. East Asia before the West: Five Centuries of Trade and Tribute (Columbia University Press, 2010).
From the founding of the Ming dynasty in 1368 to the start of the Opium Wars in 1841, China has engaged in only two large-scale conflicts with its principal neighbors, Korea, Vietnam, and Japan. These four territorial and centralized states have otherwise fostered peaceful and long-lasting relationships with one another, and as they have grown more powerful, the atmosphere around them has stabilized.

Focusing on the role of the "tribute system" in maintaining stability in East Asia and in fostering diplomatic and commercial exchange, Kang contrasts this history against the example of Europe and the East Asian states' skirmishes with nomadic peoples to the north and west. Although China has been the unquestioned hegemon in the region, with other political units always considered secondary, the tributary order entailed military, cultural, and economic dimensions that afforded its participants immense latitude. Europe's "Westphalian" system, on the other hand, was based on formal equality among states and balance-of-power politics, resulting in incessant interstate conflict. Scholars tend to view Europe's experience as universal, but Kang upends this tradition, emphasizing East Asia's formal hierarchy as an international system with its own history and character. This approach not only recasts our understanding of East Asian relations but also defines a model that applies to other hegemonies outside the European order.

2009
1989 The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe

Sarotte, Mary Elise, 1989: The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe (Princeton University Press, November 2009).
There are unique periods in history when a single year witnesses the total transformation of international relations. The year 1989 was one such crucial watershed. This book uses previously unavailable sources to explore the momentous events following the fall of the Berlin Wall twenty years ago and the effects they have had on our world ever since. Based on documents, interviews, and television broadcasts from many different locations, including Moscow, Berlin, Bonn, Paris, London, and Washington, 1989 describes how Germany unified, NATO expansion began, and Russia got left on the periphery of the new Europe. Mary Sarotte explains that while it was clear past a certain point that the Soviet Bloc would crumble, there was nothing inevitable about what would follow. A wide array of political players--from leaders like Mikhail Gorbachev, Helmut Kohl, George H. W. Bush, and James Baker, to organizations like NATO and the European Community, to courageous individual dissidents--all proposed courses of action and models for the future. In front of global television cameras, a competition ensued, ultimately won by those who wanted to ensure that the "new" order looked very much like the old. Sarotte explores how the aftermath of this fateful victory, and Russian resentment of it, continue to shape world politics today. Presenting diverse perspectives from the political elite as well as ordinary citizens, 1989 is compelling reading for anyone who cares about international relations past, present, or future.

 Competitve Regionalism

Katada, Saori N. (with Mireya Solís and Barbara Stallings), eds. Competitive Regionalism: FTA Diffusion in the Pacific Rim (Palgrave Macmillan, August 2009).
Despite abundant skepticism about their economic benefits, Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) have proliferated at a rapid pace. Policy diffusion models explain how different sets of preferential trade agreements are interconnected andestablish under what conditions FTAs can work for or against the emergence of coherent regional blocs

 Transforming Global Information and Communication Markets

Aronson, Jonathan D. (with P. Cowhey). Transforming Global Information and Communication Markets: The Political Economy of Innovation (MIT, 2009).
Innovation in information and communication technology (ICT) fuels the growth of the global economy. How ICT markets evolve depends on politics and policy, and since the 1950s periodic overhauls of ICT policy have transformed competition and innovation. For example, in the 1980s and the 1990s a revolution in communication policy (the introduction of sweeping competition) also transformed the information market. Today, the diffusion of Internet, wireless, and broadband technology, growing modularity in the design of technologies, distributed computing infrastructures, and rapidly changing business models signal another shift. This pathbreaking examination of ICT from a political economy perspective argues that continued rapid innovation and economic growth require new approaches in global governance that will reconcile diverse interests and enable competition to flourish. The authors (two of whom were architects of international ICT policy reforms in the 1990s) discuss this crucial turning point in both theoretical and practical terms, analyzing changes in ICT markets, examining three case studies, and considering principles and norms for future global policies. Readers wishing to explore certain topics in greater depth will find an electronic version of the text, additional materials, and "virtual" appendixes online.

   
   
   
   
   
   
   

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