Movement Building & Change Models

What makes change happen? What are the strategic models that best move policies to address disparities? What is the implicit and explicit role of community mobilization and movement building? And what are the implications for philanthropic organization and giving? The goal of this project is to help inform The California Endowment’s strategic planning process by producing a document that addresses the key elements of a movement-building model. This project builds upon the social movement literature in way that expands beyond the typical theoretical models by applying analytical metrics on all sides of the political spectrum. For example, examining the conservative forces that are able to build authentic bases and strong institutions engenders important lessons that are applicable to progressive agendas. In keeping with this trend, this research seeks to highlight the discipline of thinking about what works, not what one wants.



Making Change: How Social Movements Work - and How to Support Them

By Manuel Pastor and Rhonda Ortiz

March 2009


  • Program for Environmental and Regional Equity (PERE)
  • 950 W. Jefferson Blvd., JEF 102
  • Los Angeles, CA 90089-1291