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In Memoriam: Peter A. Berton, 91

The distinguished professor emeritus, who earned the Order of the Rising Sun from the emperor of Japan, was considered the “godfather” of Japanese studies.

By Pamela J. Johnson
April 2, 2014

Distinguished Professor Emeritus Peter Berton retired in 1991, but continued to work until his death.  In 2011, USC honored Berton at a reception, where he shared his recollections researching Japan during the occupation period and in the early Cold War. The webcast can be seen <a href="http://www.dornsife.usc.edu/peterberton">here.</a> Photo by Jie Gu.

Distinguished Professor Emeritus Peter Berton retired in 1991, but continued to work until his death. In 2011, USC honored Berton at a reception, where he shared his recollections researching Japan during the occupation period and in the early Cold War. The webcast can be seen here. Photo by Jie Gu.

Distinguished Professor Emeritus of International Relations Peter A. Berton, who in the early 1960s established the Asia Pacific area studies program at USC Dornsife, has died. He was 91.

Berton developed the Asian studies program and continued his involvement for the next nearly six decades, until shortly before dying peacefully at his Beverly Hills, Calif., home on March 28. In 2004, he had been diagnosed with leukemia.

A week before his death, Berton was completing his last book, about the Japanese Communist Party. He was the author, co-author or editor of more than 100 publications in six languages, printed in the United States, Japan, Korea, India, Australia, Israel, Germany and Russia.

“There is something awe-inspiring about somebody who refuses to die until his book is finished,” said Berton’s son, Jonathan, paraphrasing a leading figure in the field of Japanese studies who had read a draft of this latest book.

The younger Berton said some may not know his father became legally blind with macular degeneration about 10 years ago.

“But that didn’t stop him from continuing to lecture, go to concerts and get where he wanted to go,” said Jonathan, who earned his B.A. in psychology from USC Dornsife in 1984. “I believe my father was so much more than a giant in his academic achievements, as great as they have been. His determination, love of music, resilience and zest for life and his family, were nothing short of heroic.”

Berton’s area of expertise included the great powers rivalry in northeast Asia; Japanese, Chinese and Soviet/Russian foreign policy; and the Japanese Communist Party. The creator of USC’s first course on Japan, Berton counted among his students a former prime minister of South Korea, United States Foreign Service officers, Army and Air Force officers, and other foreign dignitaries in Japan and other countries.

 


After World War II, Peter Berton became a successful architect, before moving to the United States to earn his Ph.D. at Columbia University in New York. He arrived at USC in 1961. Here, Berton is at his office in 1964. Photo courtesy of USC University Archives.

In 2010, the emperor of Japan honored Berton with the Lifetime Friend of Japan Order of the Rising Sun during a ceremony at the residence of the consul general of Japan in Los Angeles.

“Dr. Berton is the godfather of Japanese studies,” Junichi Ihara, Los Angeles’ consul general of Japan, said during the ceremony.

Ihara lauded Berton for his many books and articles on Japanese politics and foreign policy, Japanese international negotiation style, Japanese socio-cultural and psychological characteristics, and the territorial dispute between Japan and Russia.

He praised Berton for launching the annual lecture series on Japanese art in 1988 at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in memory of his late wife and mother of their two sons, Michele, who had a deep appreciation of Japanese culture and was a museum docent. The lectures, which share with the public the beauty of Japanese arts, have succeeded for nearly 27 years.

With the medal depicting rays emanating from the sun suspended from a red and white ribbon draped around his neck, Berton addressed the audience in Japanese and English during the ceremony.

The first person he thanked was his father.

“My father in 1926 had the vision and wisdom to leave Poland and seek an economic opportunity in China. His three brothers, their wives, his sister, their children, my maternal grandfather, my favorite 10-year-old cousin,” he paused fighting back tears. “Everyone on my father’s side was murdered by the Nazis. So, if my father hadn’t left Poland, I wouldn’t be here today.”

Many recalled Berton’s caring nature and exceptional mentoring abilities.

Steven Lamy, professor of international relations and vice dean for academic programs at USC Dornsife, said that upon his arrival in 1982, among the first to reach out to him was Berton.

“As someone who was fluent in four languages and had expertise in China, Japan and Russia, Peter encouraged me to further develop my language skills so I could become a better scholar of European affairs,” Lamy said. “At that time, there was no formal faculty mentoring program, but Peter was always there willing to answer any questions.”

Robert English, associate professor of international relations and director of the USC School of International Relations (SIR), called Berton a phenomenal scholar.

“During a career at the School of International Relations spanning nearly six decades, he touched so many of our students and faculty with his intelligence, integrity and dedication to the highest standards of academic inquiry,” English said of Berton, who retired in 1991. “The appellation ‘a scholar and a gentleman’ was invented for someone like him. More than inspirational, Peter was simply a treasure and will be remembered as one of the most remarkable colleagues in SIR’s and USC’s storied history.”

 


Peter Berton grew up in Harbin, China, studied violin in Japan and moved to the United States to become an internationally known expert in Japanese politics and foreign policies. Photo courtesy of the Berton family.

Born in 1922 in Białystok, Poland, into a Russian-speaking family, Berton arrived in Harbin, China, in 1928. There, he studied at the local Talmud-Torah and various other schools, before finding his métier as an accomplished violinist. Combining an amazing memory with polyglot skills, he went on to study at Waseda University during World War II, and to assist in the American occupation of Japan. After the war, he became a successful architect, before moving to the U.S. to earn his Ph.D. at Columbia University, New York. He arrived at USC in 1961.

“My father grew up from humble beginnings,” said David Berton, who earned his B.A. in political science from USC Dornsife in 1979. “English was not his first language. It is truly amazing what he has accomplished. His work ethic and character are likened to Tom Brokaw’s The Greatest Generation. Personally, I will always remember him as a giving father and a fabulous grandfather.”

Sam Atherton, who earned his bachelor’s in international relations from USC Dornsife in 1985, was Berton’s former student. Atherton was assisting Berton in writing his most recent book.

“Peter was a giant among giants,” Atherton said. “He was a great friend and mentor for 33 years. He is irreplaceable. The world of academia has just lost a great mind — the Einstein of Asian studies.”

Berton and Atherton were working on the finishing touches of Berton’s book on the Japanese Communist Party until about a week ago. Berton asked Atherton to see the book through to publication.

“Sam, take it home,” he told Atherton.

Berton is also survived by his daughters-in-law Sandra and Ronda, and three grandchildren, Michael, Danielle and Marshall.

A memorial service is planned for 3:30 p.m., Saturday, April 5, in West Los Angeles. For details and to RSVP, contact Linda Cole at lcole@usc.edu.