New Facial Recognition Research Turns Heads
A team of researchers that includes a USC Dornsife scientist methodically has demonstrated that a face’s features or constituents — more than the face per se — are the key to recognizing a person.
Their study, which goes against the common belief that brains process faces “holistically,” appears this month in Psychological Science.
In addition to shedding light on the way the brain functions, these results may help scientists understand rare facial recognition disorders.
Humans are great at recognizing faces. There are even regions in the brain that specifically are associated with face perception — the most well-known one is the fusiform gyrus in the temporal lobe.
Common wisdom has it that humans recognize the face “holistically,” meaning that it is something about picture created by the entire face — the particular arrangement of a face’s eyes, nose and mouth and not just these features themselves — that makes it easier for the human brain to make a positive ID.
That common wisdom appears to be wrong.
“There is this belief that faces are special,” said the study’s co-author Bosco Tjan, associate professor of psychology in USC Dornsife. “But why? How is the face special?”
To use an automotive metaphor, would it be easier for a car aficionado to identify a ‘58 Corvette by its distinctive quad headlights, chunky chrome grille and swoop on the side or if shown the car that all these pieces make when added together?
Tjan and collaborators Jason M. Gold, associate professor of psychology at Indiana University (IU), Bloomington and IU undergraduate student Patrick J. Mundy tested participants on how accurately they were able to identify a set of faces by the parts of those faces — the nose, left eye, right eye or mouth.
Then, using a well-established formula that Tjan developed in an earlier study, the researchers extrapolated how accurately each participant should be able to identify an entire face.
If humans were better at face recognition than nose or eye recognition, one would expect each participant to do a better job of identification when the features are all arranged together into a face. But, in fact, the participants did a little worse than predicted by Tjan’s formula.
Facial recognition, it appears, hinges on recognizing the face’s features more than the “holistic” picture they add up to create.
The National Institutes of Health funded the research.
Related News Items
- ‘Overwhelmingly Positive’ January 27, 2015
- Beneath the Sea January 15, 2015
- Moment of Truth January 15, 2015
- Blood and Tears in Volhynia January 13, 2015
- Income Boosts Health of Elderly December 22, 2014
- The Only Way is Up December 22, 2014
- Achieving Accountability December 16, 2014
- World-Changing Major December 10, 2014
- The Art and Science of Peppermint December 8, 2014
- As Young as You Feel November 20, 2014
- Fan Your Feathers November 19, 2014
- Researching the Pacific Rim November 13, 2014
- In My Opinion: All Grown Up November 10, 2014
- The Search for a Wild Weed November 10, 2014
- Diplomatic Chess Game November 6, 2014
- Mechanics of String Theory November 6, 2014
- France to Access Testimony November 5, 2014
- Golgi Your Brain October 20, 2014
- Earn a Ph.D. in Religion October 10, 2014
- Light on the Darkest Hours October 8, 2014