Thematic Option

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Icarus

Homesick for homeland, Daedalus hated Crete

And his long exile there, but the sea held him.

“Though Minos blocks escape by land or water,”

Daedalus said, “surely the sky is open,

And that’s the way we’ll go. Minos’ dominion

Does not include the air.” He turned his thinking

Toward unknown arts, changing the laws of nature.

He laid out feathers in order, first the smallest,

A little larger next it, and so continued,

The way that pan-pipes rise in gradual sequence.

He fastened them with twine and wax, at middle,

At bottom, so, and bent them, gently curving,

So that they looked like wings of birds, most surely.

And Icarus, his son, stood by and watched him,

Not knowing he was dealing with his downfall,

Stood by and watched, and raised his shiny face

To let a feather, light as down, fall on it,

Or stuck his thumb into the yellow wax,

Fooling around, the way a boy will, always,

Whenever a father tries to get some work done.

Still, it was done at last, and the father hovered,

Poised, in the moving air, and taught his son:

“I warn you, Icarus, fly a middle course:

Don’t go too low, or water will weigh the wings down;

Don’t go too high, or the sun’s fire will burn them.

Keep to the middle way. And one more thing,

No fancy steering by star or constellation,

Follow my lead!” That was the flying lesson,

And now to fit the wings to the boy’s shoulders.

Between the work and warning the father found

His cheeks were wet with tears, and his hands trembled.

He kissed his son (Good-bye, if he had known it),

Rose on his wings, flew on ahead, as fearful

As any bird launching the little nestlings

Out of high nest into thin air. Keep on,

Keep on, he signals, follow me! He guides him

In flight—O fatal art!—and the wings move

And the father looks back to see the son’s wings moving.

Far off, far down, some fisherman is watching

As the rod dips and trembles over the water,

Some shepherd rests his weight upon his crook,

Some ploughman on the handles of his ploughshare,

And all look up, in absolute amazement,

At those air-borne above. They must be gods!

They were over Samos, Juno’s sacred island,

Delos and Paros toward the left, Lebinthus

Visible to the right, and another island,

Calymne, rich in honey. And the boy

Thought This is wonderful! and left his father,

Soared higher, higher, drawn to the vast heaven,

Nearer the sun, and the wax that held the wings

Melted in that fierce heat, and the bare arms

Beat up and down in air, and lacking oarage

Took hold of nothing. Father! he cried, and Father!

Until the blue sea hushed him, the dark water

Men call the Icarian now. And Daedalus,

Father no more, called “Icarus, where are you!

Where are you, Icarus? Tell me where to find you!”

And saw the wings on the waves, and cursed his talents,

Buried the body in a tomb, and the land

Was named for Icarus.

 

 - from Ovid’s Metamorphoses

translated by Rolfe Humphries

 


 

Landscape With The Fall of Icarus

by William Carlos Williams

 

According to Brueghel

when Icarus fell

it was spring

 

a farmer was ploughing

his field

the whole pageantry

 

of the year was

awake tingling

near

 

the edge of the sea

concerned 

with itself

sweating in the sun

that melted

the wings’ wax

 

unsignificantly

off the coast

there was

 

a splash quite unnoticed

this was

Icarus drowning

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