Restrictions on the Religious Practices of Religious Minorities: A Global Survey

CIS Seminar Series

CIS welcomes Jonathan Fox from Bar Ilan University. He specializes in the influence of religion on politics which he examines using both quantitative and qualitative methodology.
The discussant for this seminar is Cyrus Mohammadian, Political Science and International Relations Phd candidate, USC. ABSTRACT: This study examines causes of religious discrimination with a particular emphasis on comparison of the identity related causes versus structure related causes. Specifically, we ask both whether and when majorities behave differently in general and whether levels of religious discrimination are different against different minority groups, using a dyad-based analysis. We utilize The Religion and State-Minorities (RASM) dataset which includes data on 566 minorities in 177 countries. The results show that specific minority and majority religions tend to have unique patterns of discrimination, thus religious identity plays an important role in causing religious discrimination among other factors. Also, when controlling for other factors, Christian minorities experience the highest levels of discrimination around the world. BIO: Jonathan Fox (Ph.D. University of Maryland, 1997) specializes in the influence of religion on politics which he examines using both quantitative and qualitative methodology. Currently he is focusing on the issue of government religion policy across the world as part of the Religion and State project. His research also investigates the impact of religion on domestic conflict, terrorism, international intervention, and international relations. His other research interests include the quantitative analysis of Samuel Huntington's "Clash of Civilizations" theory, nationalism, and ethnic conflict. The Religion and State (RAS) project is funded by the John Templeton Foundation, Israel Science Foundation, and the Sara and Simha Lainer Chair in Democracy and Civility. The RAS project has collected detailed information on government involvement in religion which includes 305 variables for 177 countries for the 1990-2008 period. Studies based on the project, including A World Survey of Religion and the State (Cambridge University Press, 2008) examine the impact of state religion on phenomena including economic development, international crises, human rights, individual religiosity, and democracy. Prof. Fox teaches courses on religion and conflict, civil conflict, US politics, and "Political Science Fiction--Political Science and Science Fiction Literature." Since 1997, Prof. Fox has been on the Faculty of the Political Studies Department of Bar-Ilan University and since 2001 a research fellow at Bar-Ilan's Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies and since 2004 a senior research fellow. In the past he has also worked on the Minorities at Risk and State Failure projects. Prof. Fox is the author or editor of six books and over seventy research articles and book chapters. 
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