Marjan Wijers works as independent researcher, consultant and trainer on human rights, human trafficking, sex workers rights and women’s rights. She is partner in Rights4Change, a cooperative of four gender experts specialized in human rights impact assessment tools. From 2003 – 2007 she was President of the Experts Group on Trafficking in Human Beings, established by the European Commission. Previously she worked i.a. at the Dutch Foundation against Trafficking in Women and the Clara Wichmann Institute, Dutch Expert Centre on Women & Law. She was engaged in providing assistance to victims of trafficking, as well as in policy development, lobby and advocacy. Amongst others she was actively involved in the NGO lobby around the UN Trafficking. She was one of the organizers of the first European sex workers conference in 2005. Over the past years she published various articles on trafficking, sex work and human rights. She studied social sciences and law and specialized in human rights law.
OPENING PLENARY: FRAMING THE PROBLEM
9:15am-11:00am – “Framing for Fighting: A Migrant Justice Frame for Building Broad Consensus and Action Against Human Trafficking"
This panel will examine the definitions of human trafficking that have been proposed by government agencies, various documentaries and news specials, critically engaging discourses of human trafficking and calling attention to the different stakeholders. At the same time it will ask what laws offer the best hope for success. How can reframing the problem as one of labor and migration offer more productive solutions that could empower workers?
Anne Gallagher (BA, LLB, M.Int.L, PhD) is a former UN Official and academic expert on the international law of human trafficking. She continues to advise the UN and is presently undertaking a multi-year research project focusing on problematic elements of the international legal definition of human trafficking. In addition to her research and advisory roles, Dr Gallagher works as a development practitioner. Since 2003 she has led the world’s largest and most ambitious criminal justice initiative against trafficking: an intergovernmental program that aims to strengthen legislative and criminal justice responses in all ten ASEAN Member States. In June 2012, Dr Gallagher was appointed Officer of the Order of Australia (AO), that country’s second-highest civic honor, for her: "distinguished service to the law and human rights, as a practitioner, teacher and scholar, particularly in areas of human trafficking responses and criminal justice". Also in 2012, she was named a “2012 Hero” by the United States Government” for her work in the same field.
Kathleen Kim is a Professor of Law at Loyola Law School in Los Angeles where she teaches Torts, Immigration Law and Human Trafficking. Her scholarship investigates the intersection of immigration law, workplace rights, civil rights and the13th Amendment and has addressed, among other things, the law's response to coercion and exploitation in the context of human trafficking and the undocumented workplace. Before joining Loyola Law School, Kathleen represented human trafficking survivors in civil litigation at the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights in San Francisco. She launched and directed the Human Trafficking Project as a Skadden Fellow, the first of its kind to focus on the civil rights of trafficked individuals to receive monetary compensation for the abuse of forced labor. In 2005, Kathleen became the inaugural Immigrants' Rights Teaching Fellow at Stanford Law School. In addition to her teaching and scholarship, Kathleen continues to provide technical assistance in human trafficking civil cases. She currently co-directs the Anti-Trafficking Litigation Assistance and Support Team and was a gubernatorial appointee to the California Alliance to Combat Trafficking and Slavery. Kathleen graduated from Stanford Law School where she was an editor of Stanford Law Review and a Judge Takasugi Public Interest Fellow.
Ann Jordan is Director of the Program on Forced Labor and Trafficking in the Center on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at American University’s Washington College of Law. She is an international human rights attorney who specializes in the human rights issues related to human trafficking, forced labor and women’s rights. She focuses on the need for independent, methodologically sound research and greater transparency and accountability to document ‘what works’. Ms. Jordan actively participated in the development of the UN Trafficking Protocol, the U.S. Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act and the International Criminal Court Treaty. She was the director ofthe Initiative against Trafficking in Persons at Global Rights and spent eight years in Hong Kong and China teaching and advocating for women’s rights and human rights. She has worked in or on projects in China, Hong Kong, Cambodia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico. She earned her law and undergraduate degrees at Columbia University. See www.rightswork.org for more information.
An Open Society Fellow, Martina Vandenberg is the founder and president of The Human Trafficking Pro Bono Legal Center. The Center serves as a clearing house, bringing together highly qualified pro bono attorneys with human trafficking survivors seeking legal assistance. The organization works to increase the range of legal options offered to trafficking victims in the United States. By advocating with non-governmental organization leaders, training lawyers, and mentoring attorneys handling pro bono trafficking cases, Vandenberg is working to increase all trafficking victims’ access to justice in the United States. Previously, Vandenberg was a partner in the Litigation Department of the law firm Jenner and Block LLP, where she focused on complex commercial litigation and Foreign Corrupt Practices Act matters. She served as a senior member of the firm’s Pro Bono Committee. In 2006, Vandenberg received the Albert E. Jenner, Jr. Pro Bono Award for her successful representation of trafficking victims in United States federal courts and her advocacy before Congress. In 2011, Vandenberg served as pro bono advocacy counsel to the Freedom Network USA. In 2012, she received the Freedom Network’s Paul and Sheila Wellstone Award for her “outstanding leadership and dedication in working to combat human trafficking and slavery in the United States.” Vandenberg, a Columbia Law School graduate, is a Rhodes and a Truman Scholar.
Mr. Taylor has led the Reporting and Political Affairs Section of the State Department’s Trafficking in Persons office since November 2003, coordinating the production of the last nine annual Trafficking in Persons Reports and managing the Department’s diplomatic engagement efforts on human trafficking issues around the world. In this capacity, he has traveled to over 50 countries and territories. Previously, he served at the U.S. Embassy in Nigeria in two capacities: as the Embassy's first Regional Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Officer, which involved designing and implementing in anti-trafficking in persons (TIP) projects; and later as the Embassy's Corporate Responsibility Officer engaging oil companies, Niger Delta communities and Nigerian police in a dialogue on human rights and security principles. In the late 1990s, he performed similar work at the U.s. Embassy in New Delhi, India, where he opened the State Department's International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) office and started the USG’s first anti-trafficking projects in India. In the mid-1990’s he served as a Political Officer at the U.S. Embassy in Rangoon, Burma, covering narcotics, ethnic insurgencies and human rights issues. Mr. Taylor has also worked in the State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research as an analyst of Asian crime and narcotics issues.
Concurrent Breakout Sessions: “Empowering Migrants: Affecting Diverse Sectors of Trafficked Workers”
1:00-3:00pm Vulnerable Workers: Domestic Workers and Farm Workers in the United States and Beyond
This panel focuses on the two largest groups of migrant workers: domestic workers and farm workers. Plagued by the absence of labor standards, these two groups of workers have been repeatedly identified as the most vulnerable to abuse. This panel will bridge discussions on “human trafficking” and “labor migration” by calling attention to the absence of labor rights for migrant worker populations.
Ruben J. Garcia is Professor of Law at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, William S. Boyd School of Law. Prior to joining the UNLV faculty in 2011, he was Professor of Law and Director of the Labor and Employment Law Program at California Western School of Law in San Diego. He also has held academic appointments at the University of California, Davis School of Law, the University of Wisconsin Law School, and at the University of California, San Diego. Before beginning his teaching career in 2000, Garcia worked as an attorney for unions and employees in the Los Angeles area. His scholarship has appeared in a number of leading law reviews, including the Hastings Law Journal and the University of Chicago Legal Forum. His first book, published by New York University Press in 2012, is entitled Marginal Workers: How Legal Fault Lines Divide Workers and Leave Them Without Protection.
Pardis Mahdavi, PhD is associate professor and chair of anthropology at Pomona College. Her research interests include gendered labor, migration, sexuality, human rights, youth culture, transnational feminism and public health in the context of changing global and political structures. Her first book, Passionate Uprisings: Iran’s Sexual Revolution was published with Stanford University Press in 2008, and her second book, Gridlock: Labor, Migration and ‘Human Trafficking’ in Dubai, also Stanford University Press, was published in 2011. She has received fellowships and awards from institutions such as Google Ideas, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the National Drug Research Institute, the American Public Health Association, and the Society for Applied Anthropology. She has consulted for a wide array of organizations including the U.S. government, Google Inc., and the United Nations.
Aquilina Soriano Versoza is a founder and current Executive Director of the Pilipino Workers Center of Southern California, a nonprofit serving and organizing low-wage Pilipino and Latino immigrants in Los Angeles. She has served as Executive Director of PWC for 12 years and has been working in the Pilipino community for 15 years, both here in Los Angeles and in the Philippines. She studied her BA in Asian American Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles. Pilipino Workers Center has brought visibility to the realities of Filipino caregivers as a leader in the California Domestic Workers Coalition and the National Domestic Workers Alliance. PWC has become involved with human trafficking issues as more and more Filipino domestic workers have been found to be trafficking survivors. A mother of two, she sees her work for social justice as a life long endeavor that she hopes to pass on to her daughters.
Chanchanit Martorell graduated from UCLA with a B.A. in Political Science and a M.A. in Urban Planning with a specialization in Urban Regional Development. She also studied Humanities at Chiang Mai University in Northern Thailand. Engaged in social activism for the past 20 years, Martorell is currently the Executive Director of the Thai Community Development Center, a non-profit organization she founded in 1994 in an effort to improve the lives of Thai immigrants through services that promote cultural adjustment and economic self-sufficiency. She is known most notably for her work on several major human rights cases involving Thai victims of human trafficking. She is also a leading community development practitioner engaged in affordable housing development, small business promotion and neighborhood revitalization projects. Under her leadership, Thai CDC played a pivotal role in the designation of the first Thai Town in the nation right here in East Hollywood.
P. David Lopez
David Lopez was sworn in on April 8, 2010 as General Counsel of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). He was nominated by President Barack Obama and was confirmed by the Senate on December 22, 2010. Mr. Lopez is the first field trial attorney to be appointed as General Counsel. He has served in the Commission on various capacities for the past 17 years, including as Supervisory Trial Attorney and Special Assistant to then-Chairman Gilbert F. Casellas. As General Counsel, Mr. Lopez oversees the Commission’s federal court litigation of the 15 EEOC district offices. During his tenure, Mr. Lopez has devoted significant time to develop a formidable systemic program nationwide as well as build a strong trial program. Mr. Lopez has extensive experience in this area, having developed large, high-impact cases and successfully trying several cases on behalf of the EEOC. He has won significant jury verdicts against Alamo Rent-a-Car (the first post-9/11 backlash religious accommodation case brought by the EEOC), Go Daddy (a national origin (Moroccan), religion (Muslim), and retaliation case), and AutoZone (an egregious sexual harassment case), to name a few. In addition, Mr. Lopez is the Co-Chair of the committee charged with developing the Commission’s Strategic Enforcement Plan. He is also the Chair of the Commission’s Immigrant Worker Team, a team tasked with identifying ways to strengthen EEOC’s enforcement and outreach on the cross-cutting issues affecting workers of foreign national origin or perceived to be of foreign national origin. Under his leadership, the Commission has been at the forefront of combating discrimination affecting immigrants and underserved communities, including victims of human trafficking. During this past year, the EEOC filed and settled several lawsuits nationwide on behalf of individuals of a foreign national origin or perceived to be foreign nationals, such as EEOC v. Signal International (S.D. Miss.) (national origin harassment of East Indian workers on H-2B visas, i.e. human trafficking victims), EEOC v. Global Horizons (D. Haw. and E.D. Wash.)(national origin harassment and retaliation against Thai workers on H-2A visas, i.e. human trafficking victims), EEOC v. Evans Fruit (E.D. Wash.)(class sexual harassment and retaliation of farmworkers), EEOC v. Giumarra Vineyards (C.D. Cal.)(sexual harassment of indigenous Mexican farmworkers), EEOC v. Di Mare Ruskin (M.D. Fla.)(sexual harassment of farmworkers), EEOC v. DHL (N.D. Tx.)(class national origin (Latino) harassment), and EEOC v. Koch Foods (S.D. Miss.)(class sexual and national origin (Latino) harassment). Immediately prior to joining the Commission, from 1991 to 1994, Mr. Lopez was a Senior Trial Attorney with the Civil Rights Division, Employment Litigation Division, of the U.S. Department of Justice in Washington, D.C. In this capacity, he litigated employment discrimination cases against state and local governments in numerous jurisdictions throughout the United States. Between 1988 and 1991, Mr. Lopez was an Associate with Spiegel and McDiarmid in Washington, D.C., where he practiced anti-trust and administrative litigation. Mr. Lopez graduated from Harvard Law School in 1988 and graduated magna cum laude from Arizona State University in 1985, with a B.S. in Political Science. In 2011, Hispanic Business named Mr. Lopez to its list of 100 influentials in the Hispanic community. Mr. Lopez has been married for 22 years to Maria Leyva. They have three children, Javier David (16), Julian Diego (14), and Luis Andres (11).
1:00-2:30pm Migrant Children: Child Labor, Prostitution, and Trafficking
This panel will look at the case of migrant children, including domestic migrants who relocate to large cities, and addresses their vulnerability to forced labor and human trafficking. Panelists will describe the precariousness of child labor, the vulnerability to abuse of migrant children, and myths and facts concerning child prostitution.
Emir Estrada received her Ph.D. from the University of Southern California (USC). She is an adjunct professor in the Sociology Department at USC where she teaches sociological research methods. Here teaching interests are in the areas of immigration, race and ethnic relations, gender, research methodology, family work relations, childhood, the informal economy and Latina/o sociology. Her research focuses on the intersection of immigration, gender, age, and the informal economy. She examines an understudied population, Latino children working in a racialized and gendered informal occupation in Los Angeles—street vending. Estrada’s research examines the diverse ways in which children (ages 10-18) working with their parents in public and highly visible spaces experience street vending and in turn we come to understand this informal occupation in a more complex manner. Her research illuminates the immigration experience by focusing on how adults and children together negotiate processes of economic incorporation in the United States.
Anthony Marcus has a PhD in Anthropology from the City University of New York and has done research on poverty, livelihoods development, gender, kinship, social capital, and ethnic conflict in the Republic of Maldives, Cuba, Guatemala, Nepal, the United States, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka. He was one of the founders of the School of International Development of Melbourne University that provided Australia’s first online MA/Ph.D and has consulted for the United Nations and the Red Cross. He is currently at John Jay College of the City University of New York, where he studies human trafficking, teenage prostitution, prisoner reentry, the victimization of undocumented Latino migrants, and family conflict over "honor" and marriage among the children of migrants from North Africa, South Asia and the Middle East.
Leyla Strotkamp serves as International Relations Officer in the Research and Policy Division of the Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking (OCFT) at the Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor. Leyla is the trafficking specialist within OCFT and has coordinated its research and reporting on forced labor, such as DOL’s List of Goods Produced with Child Labor and Forced Labor and OCFT-commissioned independent studies. Prior to her tenure at OCFT, she was Interim Executive Director of Empowered Women International, an Alexandria, VA-based nonprofit providing career services to immigrant women throughout Greater Washington, DC. She has held research positions with a variety of public and private institutions including the U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy, Macro International, the Associated Press, the Smithsonian, and the Victoria and Albert British Theatre Museum. Leyla holds an M.A. in International Communication from American University.
Noy Thrupkaew is a journalist currently at work on a book about human trafficking and labor exploitation. As an Open Society Fellow, she investigated the largest human trafficking cases in the United States, which involve hundreds of Thai farmers and Indian metalworkers working under conditions of severe intimidation, debt, and the threat of deportation. She also examined the complexities of the U.S. guestworker program and law-enforcement responses to human trafficking for the purpose of forced prostitution in South and Southeast Asia, as well as explored ways to develop greater accountability in counter-trafficking initiatives. Thrupkaew is a contributing editor for the American Prospect and is the recipient of Fulbright, International Reporting Project, and Investigative Fund grants. She has reported from Cambodia, Thailand, Burma, Iran, Morocco, and Cuba and has written for outlets including The New York Times, The Guardian, National Geographic, The Nation, Radio Netherlands, and Marie Claire.
1:00-3:00pm Sex Workers: The Impact of Curb Campaigns
Sex trafficking, by definition in the U.S. Trafficking and Violence Protection Act, refers to “the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act.” The reduction of prostitution to sex trafficking has split trafficking advocates with some arguing that curb demand campaigns actually hurt sex workers. This panel takes into account the two perspectives on this contentious issue.
Kay has over twenty years experience in the human rights field at state, national and international levels. Joining CAST in 2003, Kay leads the longest-running anti-slavery organization in this nation, and was the first to advocate for laws to protect victims and open a shelter for trafficked women and girls in this country. CAST today is the go-to resource for the media, policy makers, law enforcement, and the philanthropic community for information about modern-day slavery. It remains the only organization in the country to provide comprehensive care and leadership development programs for trafficking survivors. Through broad community outreach on local, state, national and international levels, CAST spotlights the issue of trafficking so that more victims will be free and empowered, while every-day citizens have the opportunity to get involved to end modern-day slavery in our lifetime. Under Kay’s leadership, CAST built an international technical assistance program, a strong network in Mexico (CAST Mexico), and a model Client Services Program that provides intensive legal and social services to survivors of trafficking. Working with its national networks to establish the first Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) in 2000, CAST has taken leadership roles in several legislative initiatives on transparency of supply chains, victim protections, and training for law enforcement. The first program Kay developed at CAST was its one-of-a-kind leadership development program for survivors of modern-day slavery who are using their voices collectively to impact systemic change. CAST was recognized with the California Association of Non Profits Innovation Award, United Nations Association Global Citizens Award, and a recent article in Forbes Magazine. At the 2012 Clinton Global Initiative, CAST's work was recognized by President Obama. Prior to joining CAST, Kay was Director of the Rape Prevention Resource Center of the California Coalition Against Sexual Assault in Sacramento, CA. She was appointed to the California Alliance to Combat Slavery and Trafficking, which published the first CA Report on Human Trafficking. In 2005, she was recognized as a Change Maker Dream Maker alongside Senator Hilary Rodham Clinton by the Women’s Foundation of California. In 2012 she was nominated for the LA Business Journal Non Profit Citizenship Award and was featured in Life Moments for Women, a book telling the story of one hundred women leaders in California. Kay spent over five years in Asia working with a network of non-governmental organizations on anti-slavery projects.
Norma Jean Almodovar
Norma Jean Almodovar, former employee of the LAPD, retired sex worker and full time international sex worker rights activist is the Executive Director of COYOTE LA and the Founder and President of the non profit 501 (c)3 organization ISWFACE. Author, lecturer and researcher, Ms. Almodovar, author of her autobiographical book "Cop to Call Girl" (Simon and Schuster 1993) is currently working on three book projects- "Old Whores and Aging Porn Stars- the Sex Worker Rights Movement in America," "Cops, Hos, Preachers and Politicos- Commercial $ex $candals in America," and "Dishonored Badge- Broken Trust." She has authored articles for law and academic journals and was an NGO delegate to the 1995 UN Women's Conference in Beijing. She also co-sponsored and co-chaired the 1997 International Conference on Prostitution (ICOP) with Cal State University Northridge.
Kimberly Hoang joined the Sociology Department of Boston College in 2013. Her scholarly interests include: globalization, immigration, gender and sexualities, development and ethnographic research methods. She is currently working on two book projects. The first book, Chasing the Tiger: Sex and Finance in the New Global Economy, is a monograph that draws on 22 months of ethnographic research on the global sex industry in Vietnam. The second book project titled, Human Trafficking Reconsidered: Migration and Forced Labor, is an edited volume that expands the literature on human trafficking through the lens of migration and forced labor. She has received several awards, most recently the 2012 American Sociological Association Best Dissertation Award for her dissertation titled, New Economies of Sex and Intimacy in Vietnam.
A doctoral student at USC's Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism and award-winning composer, playwright and musician, Erin's research focuses on using the arts as a tool for political communication in the developing world. Her dissertation project engages a study of the trafficking of women in Thailand and critiques the State Department-driven anti-trafficking movement through the lens of culture and feminist international relations. Conversationally fluent in the Thai language, Erin has conducted qualitative fieldwork with anti-trafficking NGOs, government actors, sex workers, female migrant laborers and trafficking survivors, and has written a musical, "Survive," based on her research. Erin holds a BA in music composition from Sarah Lawrence College and a Masters in public diplomacy from USC's Annenberg School. For more information about Erin's work please visit www.erinkamler.net.
Kari Lerum (PhD Sociology) is an Associate Professor of Interdisciplinary Arts & Sciences and Cultural Studies at University of Washington, Bothell, and Adjunct Professor in Gender, Women, & Sexuality Studies at University of Washington, Seattle. Her scholarship centers on the study of social inequality, focusing on the intersections of sexuality, institutions, and culture. Her recent research has critically evaluated popular discourses about the "sexualization of girls," and discourses and policies about sex work and human trafficking. Her articles have appeared in a number of sociology and sexuality-related journals and edited volumes and she has a forthcoming book titled Sexuality: The Basics (Routledge). Her current research includes a community-based project with transgender sex workers. She is the editor of the “Mediations” section of Contexts magazine, and she also writes for a variety of feminist and sexuality-related blogs.
CLOSING PLENARY: LOOKING FORWARD
3:15-4:45pm “Migrant Worker Empowerment: Alternative Solutions to Rescue and Prosecution in Human Trafficking”
This panel poses the question, “How can we effectively combat the very real problem of trafficking?” To fight trafficking, the U.S. promotes a criminal prosecution model and accordingly only funds organizations that follow its universal templates of the 3Ps and 3Rs, meaning “protection, prevention and prosecution” and “rescue, rehabilitation, and reintegration.” Panelists will address alternative solutions to prosecution and pose strategies geared towards worker empowerment.
Janie Chuang is an Associate Professor of Law at American University Washington College of Law. In her scholarship, Professor Chuang specializes in issues relating to gender and labor migration, specifically, trafficking in women. Professor Chuang has served as the U.S. Member of the International Law Association’s Feminism and International Law Committee, as a member of the Executive Council of the American Society of International Law, and as a Fellow of the Open Society Foundations. Professor Chuang co-founded and co-coordinates the Interdisciplinary Roundtable on Trafficking.
Kate Francis joined The Asia Foundation in 2004 and is currently Associate Director of the Women’s Empowerment Program. Based in Washington, D.C., Kate provides technical and program development assistance for the Foundation’s 17 offices in Asia, focusing particularly on such issues as human trafficking, women’s rights and security, public decision-making, and gender mainstreaming. Kate also worked with Plan International to conduct an in-depth study of the birth registration system in Bolivia, examining barriers to social inclusion among rural populations and how birth registration affects women’s economic outcomes. Prior to joining The Asia Foundation, Kate served as a university instructor in Guangdong, China, and worked to increase international reproductive health funding as a government relations fellow at Population Connection, a US-based non-profit. Kate holds a M.A. in International Development Studies with a concentration in women’s studies from George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs, and a B.A. in theatre from the College of St. Benedict in St. Joseph, Minnesota.
Dina Francesca Haynes is Professor of Law at New England Law | Boston, where she teaches immigration, refugee and asylum law, international women’s human rights and Constitutional law. She has taught at Georgetown University Law Center and American University’s Washington College of Law. Prior to teaching law, she spent a decade practicing international law within international organizations (Director General of the Human Rights Department for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Human Rights Advisor to the OSCE in Serbia and Montenegro, Protection Officer with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees). Professor Haynes was also an attorney for the United States Department of Justice and clerked on the Constitutional Court of South Africa. She researches and writes in the areas of international law, gender, post-conflict reconstruction, immigration law, human rights law, human trafficking, labor exploitation and migration.
Orlando Patterson, a historical and cultural sociologist, is John Cowles Professor of Sociology at Harvard University. He previously held faculty
appointments at the University of the West Indies, his alma mater, and the London School of Economics where he received his Ph.D. His academic
interests include the culture and practices of freedom; the comparative study of slavery and ethno-racial relations; and the cultural sociology of
poverty and underdevelopment with special reference to the Caribbean and African American youth. He has also written on the cultural sociology of sports, especially the game of cricket. Professor Patterson is the author of numerous academic papers and 5 major academic books including, Slavery and Social Death (1982); Freedom in the Making of Western Culture (1991); and The Ordeal of Integration (1997). A book on the cultural
aspects of poverty among disadvantaged African-American youth is forthcoming.
A public intellectual, Professor Patterson was, for eight years, Special Advisor for Social policy and development to Prime Minister Michael Manley
of Jamaica. He is the recipient of many awards, including the National Book Award for Non-Fiction which he won in 1991 for his book on freedom; the
Distinguished Contribution to Scholarship Award of the American Sociological Association; and co-winner of the Ralph Bunche Award for the best book on pluralism from the American Political Science Association. He holds honorary degrees from several universities, including the University of Chicago, U.C.L.A and La Trobe University in Australia. He was
awarded the Order of Distinction by the Government of Jamaica in 1999. Professor Patterson has been a member of the American Academy of Arts
and Sciences since 1991.