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Cornelius W Sullivan

Professor of Biological Sciences

Contact Information
E-mail: csulliva@usc.edu
Phone: (213) 740-6712
Office: AHF 107C

LINKS
Curriculum Vitae
 

Biographical Sketch

Cornelius (Neal) W. Sullivan is Professor of Biological Sciences at USC's College of letters, Arts and Sciences since 1974. He was named the first Director of The Marine Biology Research Section of the Department in 1981 served for nine years then was appointed Diector of the Allan Hancock Foundation and Institute for Marine and Coastal Studies from 1990-93. From 1993-97 he served in Washington, D.C. as Director of the National Science Foundation's Office of Polar Programs and Director of the U.S. Antarctic Research Program. Under Presidential Decision Directive #6646 he was point for the NSF planning, funding and management of all U.S. activities in Antarctica. He managed a professional staff of sixty in his office and oversaw a $100M private contract for polar operations and logistics. Sullivan successfuly lead the NSF's effort to gain Congressional support ($150M) to rebuild the South Pole Station and helped in obtaining use of U.S. Navy nuclear submarines for scientific explorations of Arctic seas. Sullivan provided Congressional testimony on nine occassions before U. S. Senate and U. S. house of Representatives Committees on basic sceinces. He was named Vice Provost for Research at the University of Sounthern California in July, 1997 and served through July, 2005. In this role he was responsible for for developing new university wide programs of interdisciplinary research, research strategic planning, ethics in research, intellectual property & technology transfer, and compliance with federal state and local regulatns governing research at the University Park and Health Sciences Campuses. He represented the University's research interests in Washington, D.C. He was Provost's liaison to the Schools of Dentistry, Gerontology, Pharmacy and the Independent Health Professions for strategic planning and budgeting. In 1999 he successfully led USC's effort to establish the USC Institute for Creative Technologies, University Affiliated Research Center (UARC) focused on training that currently is supported by the DOD at $200M for 10 years. The ICT reported to Sullivan from 1999-2005 and he represented USC and the UARC to the U. S. Army Office of Science while serving as V.P. Research. Dr. Sullivan's research interests are in life and ocean sciences. His extensive polar research experiences have centered on understanding the structure and function of ice covered ocean ecosystems and, in paricular the relationships between biological and geophysical features of the Southern Ocean at scales that range from the microscopic to global. His work has elucidated aspects of the physiology and ecology of sea ice microbial communities, their adpations to this fascinating habitat and their role in providing seed for large blooms of phytoplankton in the marginal ice edge zone. Sullivan has led more than a dozen scientific expeditions to the Antarctic and Arctic Oceans including a six year, two ship multidisciplinary research program (AMERIEZ) in the Weddell Sea to investigate the influence of seasonal changes and sea ice dynamics on ecosystem structure and function. His earlier investigations were directed at understanding cellular regulation of bio-mineralization (diatom silicification), biogeochemical processes in ocean plankton and the reciprocal interactions of marine microorganisms and their environment. Specific approaches to address his research interests span biochemistry, cell biology, microbial physiology, ocean ecology, ecosystem modeling and satellite remote sensing. Dr. Sullivan is the recipient of the National Science Foundation's Antarctic Service Medal of the United States. "Sullivan Heights, Antarctica", a sixty square kilometer area including 8,000 foot mountain peaks and glaciers was named in his honor in 1997. He was named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1994, a Fellow of the California Council on Science and Technology (CCST) in 1998 and currently serves as Vice Chairman of the CCST, in Sacramento, California. He has served as a member of the Polar Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences NRC, NSF Directors Ploicy Group, Editorial Board of Polar Biology & J. Microbial Methods, Research Compliance & Administration Committee of Council on Governmment Relations (COGR) and corporate member of the Alfred E. Mann Institute Biomedical Engineering. Sullivan is holder of a U. S. patent for heat sensitive bacterial alkaline phosphatase (commercial product "The Antarctic AP'ase"). Sullivan has trained eleven Ph.D's, mentored eight Post-doctoral scholars and published more than 120 articles in refereed scientific journals. He earned his Ph.D. in Marine Biology from the University of California, San Diego in 1971 and spent three years in La Jolla as a Post doctoral scholar at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. His M.S. and B. S. Degrees in Microbiology and Biochemistry, respectively, were awarded from the Pennsylvania State University in 1967 & 1965.
 

Education

Ph.D. Marine Biology, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, 1/1971
M.S. Microbiology, Pennsylvania State University, 1/1967
B.S. Biochemistry, Pennsylvania State University, 1/1965
 

Postdoctoral Training

POST DOCTORAL FELLOW, SCRIPPS INSTITUTION OF OCEANOGRAPHY, 01/1971-09/1974  
 

Academic Appointment, Affiliation, and Employment History

Tenure Track Appointments

PROFESSOR, University of Southern California, 09/1985-  
ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, University of Southern California, 09/1981-09/1985  
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, University of Southern California, 09/1974-09/1980  
 

Visiting and Temporary Appointments

DIRECTOR U.S. ANTARCTIC PROGRAM & DIRECTOR OF THE OFFICE OF POLAR PROGRAMS, IPA, NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION, 05/1993-09/1997  
VISITING SCIENTIST, GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER, NASA, 01/1991-06/1991  
VISITING SENIOR SCHOLAR, US ARMY COLD REGIONS RESEARCH & ENGINEERING LABORATORY, 09/1990-01/1991  
VISITING PROFESSOR, RALPH M. PARSONS LABORATORY. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, 01/1981-05/1982  
VISITING PROFESSOR, DEPT. MOLECULAR, CELLULAR & DEVEMENTAL BIOLOGY AT UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO, 09/1981-01/1982  
 

PostDoctoral Appointments

Postdoctoral Fellow, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego , 01/1971-01/1974  
 

Other Employment

VICE PROVOST OF RESEARCH, USC, University of Southern California, 07/1997-07/2005  
DIRECTOR OF HANCOCK FOUNDATION & INSTITUTE OF MARINE & COASTAL STUDIES, University of Southern California, 09/1991-06/1993  
DIRECTOR MARINE BIOLOGY RESEARCH SECTION OF DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, University of Southern California, 09/1982-09/1991  
 

Description of Research

Summary Statement of Research Interests

Professor Sullivan's scientific research focuses on the structure and function of ice covered ocean ecosystems in the context of global change. The ecology of sea ice microbial communities and carbon cycling in the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Biological useful natural products, including enzymes and ice active substances, produced by organisms that grow in permanently cold ocean environments. Satellite remote sensing of the dynamic relations between surface geophysical and biological properties of polar oceans. Earlier investigations involved biomineralization of silicic acid by diatoms studied at a cellular level to determine how these eukaryotic cells build an architecturally elegant, genetically determined bio-mineral as part of their cell wall.
 

Research Keywords

Biological Oceanography, Marine Biology, microbial physiological ecology, global change research of polar regions, satellite remote sensing of polar oceans, sea ice microbial communities
 

Publications

Journal Article

Taylor, G. T., Sullivan, C. W. (2008). Vitamin B12 and cobalt cycling among diatoms and bacteria in Antarctic sea ice microbial communities. Limnology & Oceanography. Vol. 208 (53/5), pp. 1862-1877.
 
 

Honors and Awards

Fellow, California Council on Science and Technology, 2000-  
Fellow (or Equivalent) of National Society in Discipline, Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1996-  
Editorial Board of Polar Biology, 1987-  
Recipient of National or International Prize in Discipline, Antarctic Service Medal, National Science Foundation, 1981-  
Vice Chairman California Council of Science and Technology, 2005-2008  
Member Executive Advisory Board, Institute for Creative Studies ,a U.S Army UARC, 2000-2005  
Member Board of Directors ,Alfred E. Mann Institute of Biomedical Engineering, 1999-2005  
Member Research Compliance & Administration Commitee of the Council on Government Relations, 2002-2004  
Member, Director=s policy Group,National Science Foundations 1993-1997, 1993-1997  
Scientific Commitee on Oceanic Research(SCOR) Working Group>86 , on the Ecology of Sea Ice, 1987-1993  
SCAR(Scientific Committee of Antartic Research) Group of Specialist on Southern Ocean Ecology, 1986-1993  
Marine Sciences Advisory Committee ,USC, 1987-1990  
Academic Coordinator for Living Marine Resources ,USC Sea Grant Program, 1986-1990  
Polar Research Board,NRC/NAS,Committee to Evaluate Polar Research Platforms, 1985-1989  
Steering Committee for Antartic Marine Ecosystem Research at the Ice Edge Zone(AMERIEZ), 1982-1989  
Steering Committee ,Polarstern Winter Weddell Research Experdition, 1984-1986  
BIOMASS Working Party on Pack-ICE Zone Studies(SCAR), 1983-1986  
Member of Polar Research Board,National Academy of Sciences, 1983-1986  
Ecological Research Project Review Board ,United States Dept. of the Navy,Pacific Missile Test, 1982-1985  
Editorial Board of Journal of Microbiological Methods(Elsevier), 1982-1985  
US public Health Service Predoctoral Trainee, 1967-1971  
 

Service to the University

Administrative Appointments

Vice Provost for Research, USC, 07/01/1997-07/01/2005  
 

Committees

Member, University Committee on Appointments, Promotions, and Tenure (UCAPT), 2008-2010  
Chair, MEB Faculty merit evaluation committee, 2007-2009  
Member, MEB Recruitment Committee, 2007-2009  
 

Review Panels

Provost Office, UCAP, 2010-2011   
 

Service to the Profession

Committees

Co-Chair, CALIFORNIA COUNCIL FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (CCST), 04/2005-  
Member, JOHN & ALICE TYLER ENVIRONMENTAL PRIZE, EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, 01/2000-  
Member, FELLOW, AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE, 01/1996-  
Chair, INSTITUTE FOR CREATIVE TECHNOLOGIES, UARC EXECUTIVE ADVISORY BOARD, 09/2000-06/2005  
Member, ALFRED E. MANN INSTITUTE FOR BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, BOARD OF DIRECTORS, 01/1999-06/2005  
Member, COGR, COUNCIL ON GOVERNMENT RELATIONS, WASHINGTON, 01/1998-05/2005  
Member, COUNCIL ON GOVERNMENT RELATIONS, WASHINGTON, RESEARCH COMPLIANCE & ADMINISTRATION COMMITTEE, 01/2002-12/2004  
Member, NSF DIRECTOR'S POLICY GROUP, 06/1993-07/1997  
Chair, SCOR, SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE ON OCEAN RESEARCH WORKING GROUP #86, ECOLOGY OF SEA ICE, 01/1987-05/1993  
Member, SCAR, SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE ON ANTARCTIC RESEARCH, US REPRESENTATIVE, 01/1986-05/1993  
Chair, POLAR RESEARCH BOARD'S (NRC/NAS)COMMITTEE TO EVALUATE POLAR RESEARCH PLATFORMS, 09/1985-09/1989  
Member, POLAR RESEARCH BOARD, NAS/NRC, 06/1983-09/1986  
 

Editorships and Editorial Boards

EDITORIAL BOARD, POLAR BIOLOGY, 01/1987-01/1993  
EDITORIAL BOARD, JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGICAL METHODS, 01/1982-12/1985  
 

Other Service to the Profession

NSF FY 1995 APPROPRIATIONS, HEARING BEFORE THE SUB-COMMITTEE ON VA, HUD & INDEPENDENT AGENCIES, US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVS, 103RD CONGRESS, MARCH 22,1994, 2004-2005   
IMPLEMENTING LEGISLATION FOR THE ANTARCTIC PROTOCOL ON ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TO THE ANTARCTIC TREATY, HEARING BEFORE THE HOUSE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS , MERCHANT MARINE AND FISHERIES, U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 103RD CONGRESS, JULY 21, 1993, 2003-2004   
NSF FY 1995 APPROPRIATIONS, HEARING BEFORE THE VA, HUD AND INDEPENDENT AGENCIES, U.S. SENATE, 103RD CONGRESS, MARCH 17TH, 1994, 2003-2004   
CONGRSSIONAL TESTIMONY: NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION FY2001 BUDGET AUTHORIZATION REQUEST, PART III, A VIEW FROM OUTSIDE THE NSF, AT A HEARING BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON BASIC RESEARCH, U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 106TH CONGRESS, MARCH 15, 2000, 1999-2000   
FUTURE OF ANTRACTIC RESEARCH, HEARNG BEFORE THE SCIENCE COMMITTEE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON BASIC RESEARCH, U.S.HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 104TH CONGRESS, MARCH 22,1994, 1996-1997   
NSF FY 1998 APPROPRIATIONS, HEARING BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE, SUBCOMMITTEE ON BASIC RESEARCH, U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 104TH CONGRESS, APRIL 11, 1997, 1996-1997   
NSF ANTARCTIC ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1991, HEARING BEFORE THE SUB-COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE, SPACE AND TECHNOLOGY, U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 102ND CONGRESS, MAY 14, 1991, 1990-1991   
 
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