These powerpoints (ppt files) are an experimental alternative to 4W charts in the Activities Database. The database collection uses Word (doc) files. The doc files are very dense with analysis of factors accompanied by teaching notes. A ppt file can provide a step-by-step layering of ideas as it builds toward a final, highly detailed illustration.
Caution: These ppt files are NOT necessarily recommended for classroom use with students. The initial purpose was for teacher training where teachers can be given quick examples of different applications of the 4W analytical process. However, the purpose of the 4W analytical process is for students to engage directly in layering ideas in order to practice anticipating which social science factors are in play. Partner teachers who help craft these files have spent time to think through applications of the 4W model and ways that they will help students tease out the layers, make connections, and relate to multiple examples. The process is about facilitating student dialog where they are talking about the human condition – engaged in articulating why factors are relevant, theorizing about cause and effect, defending which factors they conclude are more determinant of certain outcomes, and which factors are strategic to resolving or avoiding problems.
As an active reading strategy, some slides are an illustration of textbook-based inference exercises (aka quote activities). The slides provide teachers with examples of questioning the class about textbook main ideas -- guiding students to identify factors and make connections that teachers record step-by-step to a 4W chart on the front board. Regardless of a particular textbook, with any focus question as a study of a human dynamic, students can be guided with examples and leading questions to consider – infer or anticipate – which factors are in play.
Each ppt has a slide with the Table of Contents.
The section for slide notes is sometimes used to clarify how slides progress or how they are integrated with tools, cases and activities from the Activities Database.
|Intro to Social Science Factors||4W ppt: Introduction for Teachers||
More ppt files
|Illustrates the purpose & process of the 4W analytical model.||4 – Slavery ...an opening example for cause & effect to problem-solving
15 – The Math Analogy
23 – Got Stability? / 39 – Got Power?
34 – Factoring in Math & Social Science
42 – Textbooks, Uncovering Cause & Effect
|Four Worlds of Water||4W ppt: Factor Images|
|This is an inference activity based on using images to introduce students to "the factor sheet".||2 – Purpose of this file -- Role of water, past & present
12 – Four Worlds of... Water
|6th grade intro: Sumer||4W ppt: Sumer & the Rise of City-States|
Developed for LAUSD workshop to support 6th grade teachers' implementation in Aug 2014
-- First, uses factors to connect past & present
|Government||4W ppt: Four Worlds of Policy|
|This ppt was prepared by Jen Osorio, Banning High School, LAUSD.||Presented at the 2014 conference for the California Council for the Social Studies (CCSS) as part of the special "bootcamp series" for Common Core State Standards (CCSS).|
|Enlightenment||4W ppt: Enlightenment|
|This ppt is a roll-out of key concepts that introduce 10th grade Modern World (10.1 Western Political Thought). However, the main ideas are a repeat of 7th grade Enlightenment and 8th grade Constitution and other concepts that are central to 11th USH and 12th Government. Indeed, the divine right of kings established in 6th grade is a key concept in question during the Enlightenment.||12 – How did kings have legitimate authority over their people?
20 – Revolution and Enlightenment – What are the “big ideas”?
29 – What are the main purposes of a constitution?
39 – How does classical liberalism relate to personal virtues? <-- 8.1
....... directly tied to Thomas Jefferson and Ben Franklin
53 – What is the relationship between government & civil society?
....... directly tied to Thomas Paine
63 – Role of Institutions in a Democracy -- institutional infrastructure
68 – The Individual & Community -- equally important competing values
70 – How is American society organized? (reference sheet 4)
78 – Goals of the Social Sciences (a standard ppt ending)
|Early American Culture||4W ppt: Land & Rights|
|Begins with another "active reading" -- an inference exercise that is provided in the CALIS Activities Database||4 - Inference Exercise with quotes from a textbook
42 - Assess the Assessment
44 - Got Land?
49 - Enclosure Movement
56 - Principles of the US Constitution
68 - Classical Liberalism
71 - American Identity
75 - Civil Society (version of Thomas Paine slides in above ppt)
93 - Costs of Freedom
|Imperialism||4W ppt: Imperialism|
|This ppt is an "active reading" exercise to outline textbook information to a 4W chart. In the 4WH model, active reading is an example of "close reading" mandated by Common Core State Standards. Completing the 4W chart is a text-dependent process.||As a reading strategy with the textbook, the slides provide teachers with a plan for questioning the class -- guiding students to identify or infer factors and connections. Students 1) organize information according to each type of factor (each world), 2) identify or infer the specific factors in play, and 3) connect or relate the factors. Once completed, students can review all the factors to determine the primary cause of imperialism and problem-solving approaches to ending imperialism.|